Vintage size chart conversion

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Ever wondered why a size 12 is called a size 12?  –

Kass McGann of Reconstructing History.com Explains –

Reconstructing History – Kass McGann

Dress sizing is certainly confusing! I mean, a man’s jacket size 42 fits a man with a chest measurement of 42″. Jeans sized 36/32 fit a waist of 36″ and an inseam of 32″. But what measurement on a woman’s body is 12? Twelve what? Inches? Centimetres? Ells? Cubits?

Dress fitting at the House of Redfern Paris 1910

Before the 20th century, clothing was made in the home or by professional tailors and seamstresses. Whether clothing was made professionally or not, its size was determined by the size of the wearer. There was no such thing as a size 6 or a size 18. Your clothes simply fit your body measurements. There were no such things as size tags. So there was no dress sizing per se.

Sewing Pattern Sizes from the early 1920s

As the industrial age progressed into the 1920s, increased demand for clothing gave rise to ready-to-wear or off-the-rack clothing. However there were no standard clothing sizes, so clothing sizes would vary widely between manufacturers. As a result, ready-to-wear clothes gained the reputation of fitting rather poorly.

Early dress sizing may have taken its first cue from the sewing pattern industry. In the early days of the pattern industry in the 19th century, patterns were based on bust size. If your bust measured 34 inches, you purchased a size 34 pattern. Waist and hip measurements were not given because these were believed to be easily adjustable by the home seamstress. Also note that these were the days when corsets were typically worn under clothing and a corset could be adjusted to control a flabby waist or too-large hip.

By the 1930s and 1940s, corsets had gone out of fashion, but patterns were still sized by bust and hip, not waist. It was believed that the waist was the easiest point on the pattern to adjust, so it was not listed in the sizing until the late 1940s.

At this point, a 1940s woman with a 36” bust would wear a size 18 – this number represented half of her bust measurement because the sewing pattern only provided tissue for half of the garment (the seamstress cut two halves from the same pattern).

In the 1980s, a phenomenon called “Vanity Sizing” was noted. This is the practice of reducing the size number of a dress size in order to please the customer’s desire to be perceived as smaller than she is. For example, according to Sears’s 1937 catalog, a woman with a 32 inch bust would have worn a size 14 dress.

In 1967, the same woman would have worn a size 8.

In 2011, she would wear a size zero.

So while a size 10 is definitely larger than a size 2, the numbering is now quite arbitrary. It no longer refers to any body measurement at all. Dress sizes are completely meaningless today. And they vary by country too.

Visit Reconstructing History

Reconstructing History solves that problem. We label our sewing patterns with lettered sizes, not numbers. So in our patterns, you will be a C or a G or even a K.

No judgement calls. No confusing numbers. Just eleven sizes in every pattern.

That’s all !
©Kass McGann for Glamourdaze.com

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Female waist sizes grow by 6 inches since the 1950s, Saga finds

Rationing was still in place in 1952 and the average number of calories consumed each day was 1,818. This has increased 2,178 in 2012.

Dr Ros Altmann, Saga’s director-general, said that life today is easier and more convenient for women that it was 60 years ago.

She said that improved household appliances have significantly reduced the amount of time and effort required for housework.

“When you think of the time that women had to spend cleaning and cooking, life is so much easier now. Although obviously that has contributed to the bigger waistlines,” she said.

Saga identified a raft of social changes that have happened since the Coronation.

It found a marked shift in attitudes towards savings, work and income over the last 60 years.

While in 1952 savings were for “a rainy day or specific events such as Christmas”, they are now used for people to “keep their head above water”.

Expectations about financial support in later life have also changed. Sixty years ago, children were expected to subsidise the income of those over 50. However today people over 50 are increasingly supporting themselves and their children and grandchildren.

Dr Altmann said: “Every time we look at it, we see that an increasing number of over 50s are helping their children and grandchildren financially.”

Separate research earlier this week found that a quarter of grandparents are helping to finically support their grandchildren by dipping into savings or taking out payday loans.

And while people saw retirement as an opportunity to relax and put their feet up in 1952, today four in ten people want to continue to work after retirement.

Technology has had a big impact people’s lives.

In the year of the Queen’s Coronation, just 14 per cent of households had a television and the BBC was the only channel. The most popular show was I Love Lucy.

Today, a third of people over 65 have Sky TV and the 50 to 64 age group watch the most TV per day. There are now over 480 channels.

Back then people over 50 were still buying sheet music to play themselves on pianos. Today one in five people over 50 own an MP3 player.

Saga said that over the 60-year period, life expectancy for men has grown from 77 years to 87 years . For women it has grown from 80 to 89.

The research was carried out for Saga by Your Future.

These curves are real — and they’re spectacular.

That’s the message women who struggle with their fashion choices have been sending for years — and a new study offers fresh ammo in the war for more choices.

American women have long been told that the average size is 14. Wrong! It’s actually a size 16, reveals a study in the International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education that sheds a major light on how retailers view the term “average.'”

Susan Dunn, a co-author of the report, told TODAY that motivation for the study came from wanting to eradicate the stigma of larger sizes as a controversial topic.

While the phenomenon of “vanity sizing” from store to store has made it difficult for most women to pinpoint their actual size in trickier clothing items like jeans and swimwear, it’s no secret that what we find on the racks is getting smaller and smaller by the season — leaving us with unrealistic, teeny-tiny options that we just can’t squeeze into.

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The journal, a publication of the Textile Institute, launched an extensive study of women’s real body measurements, reports the Revelist.

RELATED: It’s not you — women’s clothing sizes don’t make sense

After sampling the measurements of more than 5,500 women in the United States, the study revealed that over the last two decades the average waist size has increased 2.6 inches, from 34.9 inches to 37.5 inches, with “even greater distinctions found when considering race and ethnicity.”

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“We hope that this information can get out and be used by industry and consumers alike. Just knowing where the average is can help a lot of women with their self image,” one of the study’s lead experts, Susan Dunn, told TODAY via email. “And we hope that the apparel industry can see the numbers and know that these women aren’t going away, they aren’t going to disappear, and they deserve to have clothing.”

“That the clothing should fit well, both in style and measurements, and be available elsewhere than back corners or solely online is still a controversial topic,” she added. “Why?”

RELATED: Here’s why women around the globe are sharing their clothing sizes

Dunn and co-author Deborah Christel — both faculty in the department of apparel merchandising, design and textiles at Washington State University — found that the average size of the American woman now falls between a 16 and an 18, the lower end of plus sizes.

The finding comes as body-positive celebrities like Melissa McCarthy launch their own clothing lines in order to make fashion more fun and accessible for consumers who wear above a size 12. McCarthy’s line, Seven7, carries an impressive range of options, from size 4 to size 28.

“People don’t stop at size 12,” the “Bridesmaids” actress told More magazine back in May.

RELATED: Teen calls out American Eagle for inconsistent women’s sizes

The report has the potential to not only redefine America’s perception of the word “average,” but also the way that women’s retailers design, market and sell their clothing to consumers — which could make for a whole new shopping experience with less stressing and better dressing in the future.

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A few weeks ago, one of the Sammy Davis Vintage facebook fans made a special request: How does a plus-size girl wear vintage?

I loved her question — reprinted below — because it inspired me to remember that vintage is fashion for everyone, and that Sammy Davis Vintage strives to make vintage fashion accessible to the contemporary girl — no matter her size or style!

Lauren’s question to me over Facebook:

Hey Sammy!

Hope you are well! I was just wondering, have you ever thought of doing a special on plus sized vintage wear? See, I would love to go thrift shopping but even back in the day there was a limited selection of cute vintage wear; it’d be cool to show girls of a bigger size that they can be cute and fashionable too with all of your creative tips. You always turn drab to fab haha! Just a thought. Talk soon I hope!!

– Lauren

After a ton of Googling, reading, writing and pulling pictures, I put together this handy guide on how-to-wear-vintage no matter your size. Find your modern day size and body type below. You’ll then find what your typical “vintage” size — usually 4-6 numerical figures BIGGER than your contemporary size, so while I’m a size 4 by modern standards, I’m more a size 10 by vintage. This sizing chart is most accurate for vintage pre ’80s.

Then, read on to learn what “vintage style” I suggest for you based on your beautiful bod and the potential for a beautifully vintage you. Full disclosure! You may not like the suggested vintage style. That’s OK! The true meaning of vintage is how it feels for you. My opinion doesn’t really matter! I’m just here to inspire, encourage and enlighten when I can.

Thanks to Lauren’s question, I’m now on a quest to visit Re/Dress, a plus-size vintage boutique in Brooklyn, New York. The store is packed with vintage dresses and other goodies in ALL shapes and sizes … I’m going to check it out soon and blog about what I found!

For some online plus-size vintage resources, check out Bally Hoo Vintage & Hey Viv! Vintage, two sites with tons of resources and shopping options for the fully-fun-positively-plus-sized gal!

Short, Svelte Figure

You wore junior sizes until college … and still like to squeeze into your old middle school threads every now and then. Mainstream fashion calls you “petite” – I call you packaged sweet!


Typical “Modern” Size: 0 – 2
Vintage Size Equivalent: 3-5
Height: 5” – 5’ 4”
Waist: 24” – 26”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Small
Your Vintage Era: You’re the poster girl for prim & proper 1930s. The era was characterized with delicate prints in small designs – think tiny flowers, tiny polka dots, and tiny paisley. Larger prints and belts of the 80s would overwhelm your sweet size. The 30s look has an almost “clean” look – puffed sleeves and white gloves add a humble glow.

Short, Balanced Figure

You’re curvy in all the right places without looking like a pin-up doll, but love heels for an extra boost in height and va-va-voom glam. You have a tough time finding your size in stores – it’s usually picked over!
Typical “Modern” Size: 2 – 4
Vintage Size Equivalent: 8 – 10
Height: 5” – 5’ 4”
Waist: 26” – 28”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Small


Your Vintage Era: 1920s – ladies with boyish frames rebelling with short pleated skirts and pretty pixie haircuts. Accessorize with the perfect hat and tons of pearls. When wearing heels, opt for a drop waist skirt – they hang below the hips and have a flouncy feel to them. Without heels, a drop waist will hang and appear baggy on your smaller build.

Short, Full Figure

You’ve got the perfect bod for sassy style, but you can’t seem to find the right fit from the mall stores. You struggle to find the “perfect” fit as things can both sag or snuggle in all the wrong places.
Typical “Modern” Size: 4 – 6
Vintage Size Equivalent: 10 – 12
Height: 5” – 5’ 4”
Waist: 28” – 30”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium

Your Vintage Era: 1940s & 1980s – the 40s embraced structured shoulders and two-piece feminine suits. The 80s embraced the defined structure and hints of style masculinity and then weaved its own fun flair with avant garde designs in bright colors and angles. Go with what feels best – and rock it!

Average, Svelte Figure

You’re every mannequin’s in-the-flesh dream! While you may long for some extra junk in the trunk, your athletic bod fits almost anything – including vintage. You could probably rock every era comfortably.
Typical “Modern” Size: 2 – 4
Vintage Size Equivalent: 8 – 10
Height: 5’ 4” – 5’ 7”
Waist: 26” to 28”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium


Your Vintage Era: Swingin’ 60s! Twiggy wannabes of the 60s went mad for mod – short skirts and dresses in futuristic “modern” patterns. Average height girls like you can wear the mod look without worry – shift dresses and mini skirts happily show off your healthy build. Plus, add knee highs and buckled, square heels to seal the style.

Average, Balanced Figure

Your closet is full of clothes … because everything always fits! While your size tends to get picked over at sample sales, your standard size is easy to find and easy to style. Your friends always say that you “can get away with wearing anything,” – even daring cuts and designs.
Typical “Modern” Size: 4 – 6
Vintage Size Equivalent: 10 -12
Height: 5’ 4” – 5’ 7”
Waist: 28” – 32”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium


Your Vintage Era: Swingin’ 60s! Twiggy wannabes of the 60s went mad for mod – short skirts and dresses in futuristic “modern” patterns. Average height girls like you can wear the mod look without worry – shift dresses and mini skirts happily show off your healthy build. Plus, add knee highs and buckled, square heels to seal the style.

Average, Full Figure

Hello, pin-up doll opportunity! While you might not aspire to be the next Bettie Page, you’ve got a womanly figure just itching to roar in vintage fashion that will accentuate your voluptuous beauty.
Typical “Modern” Size: 8 – 12
Vintage Size Equivalent: 14 – 18
Height: 5’ 4” – 5’ 7”
Waist: 30” – 36”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium/Large


Your Vintage Era: Girl, you’ve got the 1940s written all over you! If you’ve ever dreamed of being “pinned up” on the wall of a soldier’s space, well lady, you’ve got just the bod to do it! While I wouldn’t recommend bringing forth your vintage vixen from within at the office, opportunity to channel a more sensual side exists. Shop for vintage lingerie to wear as peek-a-poo accessories under lace tops and structured blazers. Buy “housewife-inspired” wiggle dresses from the 50s for a party, or a professional, clean cut two-piece suit blazer/skirt combo from the 40s in dark brown tweed. Add a matching jacket for the full effect!

Tall, Svelte Figure

You could have been a supermodel, but you decided that real life was a better option! You’re often the tallest girl in the room and the only one of your friends who can get away wearing lace onesies and jeggings without asking, “Does this look good on me?” Still, you’ve got a boy-ish frame and you’d love to find your body’s inner hourglass with some vintage fashion help.

Typical “Modern” Size: 4 – 6
Vintage Size Equivalent: 10 – 12
Height: 5’ 8” – 6’
Waist: 26” to 28”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium

Your Vintage Era: The 1970s all the way! Prairie, maxi and lingerie-style dresses lay perfectly on your tall, thin frame. Channel some disco-dancing diva with a plaid leisure suit – bell bottoms look fab on your long legs!

Tall, Balanced Figure

You’re an hourglass figure just waiting to be unleashed! Thanks to a small waist and tall frame, vintage dresses of various sizes fit you like a gem. And if they’re too big, you can always belt ‘em tight!
Typical “Modern” Size: 6 – 10
Vintage Size Equivalent: 12 – 16
Height: 5’ 8” – 6’
Waist: 29” – 34”
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Medium/Large

Your Vintage Era: The big 5-0! FIFTIES! A lady of the 1950s wanted a full figure and a tiny waist. She wore garters and corsets and “shapers” just to create – albeit painfully! – the illusion of an hourglass figure. But girl, you’ve got one naturally – congrats!

Tall, Full Figure

Apple, pear, hourglass … peach, grape, kiwi … whatever you wanna call your body type, you’ve got it and you’re ready to flaunt it! When you walk into the room, people notice you … you’ve got presence and you choose fashion to make you feel poised and proud.
Typical “Modern” Size: 10 – 14+
Vintage Size Equivalent: 16- 20+
Bonus Tip! Look for half sizes! Plus size was categorized by ½ after the numerical size – like 18 ½, 20 ½, and so on.
Height: 5’ 8” – 6’
Waist: 34” – 38”+
Typical Online Vintage Store Size: Large/Extra Large

Your Vintage Era: The big 5-0! FIFTIES! A lady of the 1950s wanted a full figure and a tiny waist. She wore garters and corsets and “shapers” just to create – albeit painfully! – the illusion of an hourglass figure. But girl, you’ve got one naturally – congrats!

A new chart shows just how much women’s clothing sizes have changes since the 1950s – and the statistics will shock you.

In 1958, a woman who had a 34in bust and a 25in waist – much like Marilyn Monroe – was considered to be a US size 12 (equivalent to a UK 16).

RELATED: WOMAN PHOTOSHOPPED TO LOOK ‘PERFECT’ IN 18 COUNTRIES

However, today a size 12 would fit a woman with a 39in bust and a 32in waist. Which sort of explains why that dress you got in a vintage shop doesn’t quite fit properly.

The chart, created by The Washington Post using data from the American Society of Testing and Materials, shows how sizes based on the exact same measurements have changed over the past 50 years.

Why the big change? Well, for starters, people today are a bit larger than they once were, but it goes a little deeper than that.

RELATED: WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU JUDGE A WOMAN’S OUTFIT

Slate explains, ‘The study accounted only for white women; women of colour who came in were measured, but their measurements were discarded. And since the study offered a small stipend to anyone who volunteered to be measured, there’s a decent chance that the results skewed toward the poor and malnourished.

‘When the NBS re-analysed the data to produce the commercial standard, they distorted results even further by adding the measurements of women who had served in the Army during World War II — likely among the most fit women in the population.​’

RELATED: THE AMAZING EVOLUTION OF SWIMWEAR

This isn’t helped by the fact that some brands apply ‘vanity sizing’, where they label dresses smaller than they actually are to make customers ‘feel better’ about their size.

Yep, we’re as confused as you are!

(Picture: Blubella/ Cavendish Press)

On the left, we have an image depicting the average woman’s body in 1957. On the right, we have an image depicting the average woman’s body in 2017.

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Clearly, there have been some very intriguing physical changes to our bodies.

With an average dress size 12 and a height of 5ft 2ins, the average woman of 1957 was expected to live until she was 73 years old.

Jump ahead to 2017 and the average woman’s build is 5ft 5in, she wears a dress size 16 and has a life expectancy of 83 years.

4 very important things you need to know

You know what else is interesting?

Here are a few things a woman couldn’t do 60 years ago.

We couldn’t get the pill or get an abortion

The oral contraceptive pill wasn’t available until 1961, and even then it could only be prescribed to married women. It stayed this way until 1967, the same year women received abortion rights in the UK (excluding Northern Ireland).

We couldn’t get a loan without our dad or husband’s signature

Even if we earned more than them.

It was until the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 that discrimination against women seeking to obtain goods, facilities or services, including loans or credit was finally outlawed.

We didn’t receive equal treatment or pay in the workforce The average woman earned just £10 a week in 1957, compared to £537 in 2017. Today, the wage gap still sits at 13.9% for full-time work. It’s predicted to be another 50 years for the gender pay gap to be closed. The Sex Discrimination Act wasn’t in placeuntil 1975. We couldn’t sit in the House of Lords It was until 1958 that Baroness Swanbourough, Lady Reading and Baroness Barbara Wooton are the first to take their seats and represent women in the House of Lords. Find out morehere.

The graphics and stats have been created by lingerie brand Bluebella, and reflect research on changing body shapes from government statistics.

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Emily Bendell is the chief executive of Bluebella and commented that the woman of today is likely to be far more body conscious than her 1957 counterpart.

She said: ‘She is likely to exercise at least twice a week – consuming 2,300 calories a day compared to 1,800 calories back then.

‘She is much healthier than her Fifties counterpart and devotes around 30% more of her income to her wardrobe.

‘This is reflected in the size of her lingerie collection which is twice the size of 1950s woman. She now has an average of 12 bras compared to just six in the 1950s.’

(Photo by George Marks/Retrofile/Getty Images)

Our increased focus on physical appearance and fitness levels are really some of the smaller changes that have taken place in the last half century.

With major developments in women’s rights, access to health care and modern technological advancements, the fact we lead very different lives to our sisters of 60 years ago should go without saying.

But there is still a lot of work to be done in all of these fields.

Take a look at how to shut down pay gap deniers to help get you feeling inspired for change.

Then maybe in another 60 years, we’ll look be talking about how much stronger and more fulfilled we look.

MORE: People can’t believe Snapchat gave Marie Curie fluttery lashes on International Women’s Day

MORE: Single mum turns umbilical cords into bespoke gifts for new mums

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What Dress Size Was Marilyn Monroe, Actually?

On January 31, 1919, Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia. Twenty-eight years later, he broke the baseball color line and became the first African American to play on a major sports team. Here are 42 facts to celebrate the legendary athlete.

1. Jackie Robinson was born in Georgia but raised in California.

Jack “Jackie” Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Shortly after his birth, his family moved and settled in Pasadena, California.

2. Jackie Robinson was named after Teddy Roosevelt.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days before Robinson was born, was the inspiration for his middle name.

3. Jackie Robinson was the youngest of five children.

Jackie was the youngest of five children—Edgar, Frank, Matthew “Mack,” and Willa Mae—and a little over a year after his birth, Robinson’s mother moved the family to Pasadena, California.

4. In high school, Jackie Robinson played on a team with other future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon.

Robinson attended John Muir High School, where he was placed on the Pomona Annual Baseball Tournament All-Star Team with fellow future MLB Hall of Famers Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox and Bob Lemon of the Cleveland Indians.

5. Jackie Robinson was an accomplished tennis player, too.

He was also a successful tennis player, winning the junior boys singles championship in the Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament.

6. Jackie Robinson’s brother was a Silver medal-winning Olympic athlete.

Jackie’s brother Mack was an adept athlete and a splendid sprinter. He won a Silver Medal in the 200 meters behind Jesse Owens during the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany.

7. Jackie Robinson served in the Army during World War II.

In 1942, Jackie Robinson was drafted into the Army. He was assigned to a segregated Army Cavalry unit in Fort Riley, Kansas.

8. Jackie Robinson was stationed with boxing champion Joe Louis during World War II.

While in the Army, Robinson became friends with boxing champion Joe Louis when the heavyweight, who was stationed at Fort Riley at the time, used his celebrity to protest the delayed entry of black soldiers in an Office Candidate School (OCS). As a result, Robinson was commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1943.

9. Jackie Robinson never saw combat during the war because he was arrested and court-martialed for refusing to move to the back of an unsegregated bus.

After an incident where he refused to sit in the back of an unsegregated bus, military police arrested Robinson at the request of a duty officer, who later requested Robinson be court-martialed. At the time of the proceedings, Robinson was prohibited from being deployed overseas to the World War II battlefronts. He never saw combat during the war.

10. Jackie Robinson was eventually given an honorable discharge.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Robinson was acquitted and then assigned to Camp Breckinridge in Kentucky, where he worked as an Army athletics coach until he was given an honorable discharge in 1944. During his time at the camp, Robinson was encouraged to tryout for the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro National League.

11. Jackie Robinson played in the 1945 Negro League All-Star Game.

In 1945, Robinson signed a contract to play for the Kansas City Monarchs. He was paid $400 a month (about $5100 today) to play shortstop and eventually was placed in the Negro League All-Star Game that year.

12. Jackie Robinson married his college sweetheart.

Robinson married Rachel Isum—whom he had met in 1941 during his senior year at UCLA—in 1946. They had their first son, Jackie Robinson Jr., that November. The Robinsons had two more children: a daughter, Sharon, and another son, David.

13. Jackie Robinson played in the Montreal Royals’ minor league.

Robinson played Minor League Baseball for the Montreal Royals in 1946, until he was called up to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers in the Major Leagues in 1947.

14. Jackie Robinson made his MLB debut at Brooklyn’s Ebbets Field.

Hulton|Archive/Getty Images

He made his Major League Baseball debut on April 15, 1947, at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. He became the first African-American baseball player in Major League history.

15. Jackie Robinson was 1947’s Rookie of the Year.

He also won Rookie of the Year in 1947 with a batting average of .297, 175 hits, 12 home runs, and 48 runs batted in.

16. Jackie Robinson was close friends with Larry Doby, who was the first African-American baseball player in the American League.

Jackie Robinson had a close friendship with Larry Doby of the Cleveland Indians, who was the first African-American baseball player in the American League. The two men broke the color barrier in baseball in the same year and would talk to each other on the telephone to share their experiences with racism during the season.

17. Jackie Robinson’s Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese was one of his greatest champions.

Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese defended Robinson against violent and nasty racial slurs during his rookie season. Reese famously put his arm around him, a gesture of friendship that wasn’t common for Robinson at the time. The moment has since been immortalized in art, statues, and movies.

18. Jackie Robinson hit for the cycle on August 29, 1948.

On August 29, 1948, in a 12-7 win against the St. Louis Cardinals, Robinson “hit for the cycle” with a home run, a triple, a double, and then a single in the same game.

19. Jackie Robinson stole a lot of bases.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Robinson was the National League Batting and Stolen Bases Champion with a batting average of .342 and 37 stolen bases in 1949.

20. Jackie Robinson was a regular All-Star.

He was also a six-time All-Star between the years 1949 and 1954.

21. Jackie Robinson testified in front of the United States House of Representatives’ Committee on Un-American Activities.

In 1949, Robinson was called to testify before the United States House of Representatives’ Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC). He was subpoenaed because of comments made about him by prominent African-American actor Paul Robson. At first, Robinson was hesitant to testify, but then was ultimately compelled to do so because he feared not doing so would hurt his baseball career.

22. Jackie Robinson was the National League’s MVP in 1949.

The National League’s Most Valuable Player Award went to Robinson in 1949, after his first appearance in the MLB All-Star Game. Robinson later took his team to the World Series, but would lose against the New York Yankees.

23. Jackie Robinson played himself in The Jackie Robinson Story.

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Jackie Robinson played himself in The Jackie Robinson Story, a biopic about his life released in 1950. Academy Award-nominated actress Ruby Dee played Robinson’s wife, Rachel “Rae” Isum Robinson.

24. In the off-season, Jackie Robinson traveled the south on a vaudeville tour.

During the off-season, Robinson went on a vaudeville and speaking tour of the South, where he would answer pre-set questions about his life. He actually made more money on these tours than he did on his contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

25. Jackie Robinson played in six World Series.

Robinson played in six World Series, but only won one in 1955 against the New York Yankees in a seven-game series. Robinson didn’t play in 49 games that season and missed Game 7; Don Hoak played third base in Robinson’s place.

26. Jackie Robinson quit baseball to take a job with Chock Full O’ Nuts.

At 37, Robinson retired from Major League Baseball and the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1956. Unbeknownst to the Brooklyn Dodgers, Robinson took a position with the American coffee company Chock Full O’ Nuts and agreed to quit baseball.

27. Jackie Robinson was the first African-American vice president of a major American corporation.

STR/AFP/Getty Images

From 1957 to 1964, Jackie Robinson served as the vice president of personnel for Chock Full O’ Nuts coffee. He was the first African-American vice president of a major American corporation.

28. Jackie Robinson was a political independent who ended up switching party affiliations in the 1960s.

Robinson was a political independent, but had very conservative views on the Vietnam War. He also supported Richard Nixon in the 1960 Presidential election against John F. Kennedy, although Robinson admired Kennedy’s stance on civil rights once he was elected. He was later dismayed with Republicans for not supporting the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and soon after became a Democrat.

29. Jackie Robinson was the first African American inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

In 1962, Jackie Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame during his first year of eligibility. He was the first African American inducted at the Cooperstown Hall of Fame and Museum.

30. Jackie RObinson was a towering figure of the Civil Rights Movement.

Jackie Robinson was always seen as a large figure in the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said Robinson was “a legend and symbol in his own time” who “challenged the dark skies of intolerance and frustration.”

31. Jackie RObinson co-founded Harlem’s Freedom National Bank.

In 1964, Robinson co-founded the Freedom National Bank—a black owned and operated bank in Harlem, New York—with businessman Dunbar McLaurin. Robinson was the commercial bank’s first Chairman of the Board. His wife later served as Chairman until 1990 when the bank closed.

32. Jackie Robinson was television’s first African-American sports analyst.

Robinson was also the first African-American MLB TV analyst. He broadcasted for ABC’s Major League Baseball Game of the Week telecasts in 1965. Robinson later worked as a part-time commentator for the Montreal Expos in 1972.

33. The Dodgers retired Jackie Robinson’s uniform number in 1972.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

On June 4, 1972, the Dodgers retired Jackie Robinson’s uniform number 42, as well as Sandy Koufax’s number 32 and Roy Campanella’s number 39.

34. Jackie Robinson passed away at the age of 53.

Robinson died of a heart attack on October 24, 1972 in Stamford, Connecticut, at age 53.

35. Jackie Robinson’s widow, Rachel, started the Jackie Robinson Foundation in 1973.

In 1973, Robinson’s widow, Rachel, started the Jackie Robinson Foundation, a non-profit organization that gives college scholarships to minorities. The Foundation also preserves the legacy of Jackie Robinson as a baseball player and civil rights pioneer.

36. Jackie Robinson’s Brooklyn home was declared a landmark in 1976.

By Dmadeo, GFDL, Wikimedia Commons

The house in Brooklyn, New York, where Jackie Robinson lived while he played for the Brooklyn Dodgers was declared a National Historical Landmark in 1976.

37. There’s an asteroid named after Jackie Robinson.

On March 1, 1981, American astronomer Schelte John “Bobby” Bus discovered an asteroid at the Siding Spring Observatory in New South Wales, Australia. Bus named the asteroid “4319 Jackierobinson,” after his favorite baseball player.

38. Jackie Robinson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Jackie Robinson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom—the highest award given to a civilian for their contributions to world peace, cultural, or other significant public or private endeavors—on March 26, 1984.

39. Jackie Robinson also received the Congressional Gold Medal.

More than 20 years after he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, President George W. Bush also posthumously awarded Jackie Robinson with the Congressional Gold Medal—the highest honor the legislative branch can bestow on a civilian and must be co-sponsored by two-thirds of members in the House and the Senate—for his contributions to American history. He became the second baseball player to receive this accolade after Pittsburgh Pirates Right-Fielder Roberto Clemente in 1973.

40. Jackie Robinson’s number, 42, was retired throughout Major League Baseball.

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You won’t see any baseball players wearing the number 42: In 1997, Robinson’s number was retired throughout Major League Baseball. This was the first and only time a jersey number had been retired throughout an entire professional sports league.

41. Jackie Robinson is a member of the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

In 1999, Robinson was added to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team along with Cal Ripken Jr., Joe DiMaggio, Willie Mays, and Ty Cobb. Fans chose the final selections from a list compiled of the 100 greatest Major League Baseball players from the past century.

42. April 15 is now Jackie Robinson Day.

April 15, 2004, is now Jackie Robinson Day, and all uniformed players in Major League Baseball wear number 42 on their jerseys to honor Robinson’s memory and legacy to the sport.