How to get smooth arms?

Table of Contents

Are there any triggers that make chicken skin worse?

Hormonal changes may be responsible, for instance, the condition tends to flare up during puberty and pregnancy. But, “heat and not using the correct products can make the issue worse,” explains Eilidh. For instance, perfumed soaps and bathing products, overly harsh body scrubs and very hot showers can all contribute.

4 women share their skin condition stories so you don’t have to suffer alone

Wellness

4 women share their skin condition stories so you don’t have to suffer alone

Lottie Winter

  • Wellness
  • 18 Sep 2018
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  • Lottie Winter

Is there a cure for chicken skin?

There is no cure for chicken skin and there’s no known method to stop it from showing up. However, “often it can disappear as clients get older,” says Eilidh and in most cases it clears up by the time you reach your thirties.

Are there things we can do to treat it?

The good news is, there are things we can do to treat the condition and to keep it under control. Namely, avoid triggers like heat and overly-fragranced products. As for smoothing down bumps, exfoliation can make a real difference. “Chicken skin is fairly easy to treat with the correct knowledge,” says Eilidh. Rather than harsh scrubs, try lightly massaging your skin with a washcloth of gentle exfoliating mitt instead. Or try a chemical exfoliator like glycolic acid, lactic acid or salicylic acid. “AHAs and BHAs are effective,” says Eilidh. They use a very low percentage of acids to loosen the bonds between old skin cells to unplug clogs in our skin and to lift away dead skin cells. “We always recommend salicylic acid in the first instance,” Eilidh adds.

Keratosis pilaris: Diagnosis and treatment

How do dermatologists diagnose keratosis pilaris?

To diagnose this condition, your dermatologist will examine your skin, looking closely at the skin that shows signs of keratosis pilaris.

How do dermatologists treat keratosis pilaris?

This skin condition is harmless, so you don’t need to treat it.

If the itch, dryness, or the appearance of your skin bothers you, treatment can help. A dermatologist can create a treatment plan that addresses your concerns. The following describes what a treatment plan may include:

Relieve the itch and dryness: A creamy moisturizer can soothe the itch and dryness. Most moisturizing creams used to treat keratosis pilaris contain one of the following ingredients:

  • Urea

  • Lactic acid

For best results, apply your moisturizer:
  • After every shower or bath
  • Within 5 minutes of getting out of the bath or shower, while your skin is still damp
  • At least 2 or 3 times a day, gently massaging it into the skin with keratosis pilaris

Diminish the bumpy appearance: To diminish the bumps and improve your skin’s texture, dermatologists often recommend exfoliating (removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin). Your dermatologist may recommend that you gently remove dead skin with a loofah or at-home microdermabrasion kit.

Your dermatologist may also prescribe a medicine that will remove dead skin cells. Medicine that can help often contains one of the following ingredients:

  • Alpha hydroxyl acid

  • Glycolic acid

  • Lactic acid

  • A retinoid (adapalene, retinol, tazarotene, tretinoin)

  • Salicylic acid

  • Urea

For best results when using a medicine to exfoliate your skin:
  • Use the amount your dermatologist recommends
  • Apply it only as often as your dermatologist recommends
  • Stop using the medicine for a few days if your skin becomes dry or irritated

The medicine you use to exfoliate your skin may also contain a moisturizer, which can help with the itch and dryness.

To treat the bumps, some patients may need to apply a corticosteroid to the areas with keratosis pilaris. This medicine helps soften the bumps and reduce redness.

Lasers may work when moisturizer and medicine fail: A laser or light treatment may be used to treat keratosis pilaris. Your dermatologist may recommend one type of laser to reduce the swelling and redness. Another type of laser may improve your skin’s texture and reduce discoloration, including the brown spots that may appear when the bumps clear.

To get the best results from the laser treatments, your dermatologist may add a few microdermabrasion sessions to your treatment plan.

Key facts about treatment

When treating keratosis pilaris, it helps to keep the following in mind:

  • Clearing takes time. If you fail to see improvement after following your treatment plan for 4 to 6 weeks, tell your dermatologist.
  • Some patients need to try a few treatments before they find one that works.
  • To continue seeing results, you’ll need a maintenance plan.

About the maintenance plan

Treatment cannot cure keratosis pilaris, so you’ll need to treat your skin to keep the bumps under control. Your maintenance plan may be as simple as using the medicine twice a week instead of every day. Another option may be to switch to a non-prescription moisturizing cream.

What is the outcome for people with keratosis pilaris?

For many people, keratosis pilaris goes away with time, even if you opt not to treat it. Clearing tends to happen gradually over many years. There is no way to know who will see keratosis pilaris clear.

Alai AN. “Keratosis pilaris medical care.” Medscape. Last updated June 19, 2014.

Ibrahim O, Khan M, et. al. “Treatment of keratosis pilaris with 810-nm diode laser: Randomized clinical trial.” JAMA Dermatol. 2014 Nov 5. .

Lee SJ, Choi MJ, et. al. “Combination of 595-nm pulsed dye laser, long-pulsed 755-nm alexandrite laser, and microdermabrasion treatment for keratosis pilaris: retrospective analysis of 26 Korean patients.” J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2013 Jun;15(3):150-4.

Yang G, Bordeaux J, et. al. “Prospective right/left comparison of azeleic acid and cetaphil for treatment of keratosis pilaris.” J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Apr;66(4) Supp. 1: AB167.

Sleeveless top season is almost here, but if you have keratosis pilaris—a.k.a. “chicken skin,” or the condition marked by little pink bumps on the back of the arms—baring your biceps is probably the last thing you want to do as the weather heats up.

Keratosis pilaris is a genetic condition that occurs when skin cells are not shed from the hair follicles, causing tiny bumps to form. “These cells become too sticky and are retained instead of being shed,” says David E. Bank, M.D., a dermatologist in Mount Kisco, New York.

Unfortunately, since the only cause is genetic, there’s nothing you can do to prevent getting chicken skin (thanks, mom). “If you don’t have the DNA genes for it, then you’re not going to get it,” says Bank. “The condition won’t be caused by doing something wrong .”

RELATED: How to Exfoliate Every Single Body Part—the Right Way

Even more bad news: There’s no cure that’s going to magically make your bumps disappear for good (no matter how much we’d love that). But we don’t mean to be total Debbie Downers. There are treatments that will help smooth the bumps on your arms, as long as you commit to doing them on the regular. Here’s what works:

Exfoliate Often—But Gently
This is crucial to managing your keratosis pilaris—but you’ve got to stick to using gentle formulas. “A lot of the things we use to open up pores and exfoliate for acne are just too drying and irritating to treat this,” says Bank. That being said, glycolic or salicylic acid cleansers are two good options for removing the bumps. “Salicylic acid has an anti-inflammatory component so you can use a two percent concentration and it won’t cause irritation,” says Bank.

Bank also recommends double exfoliating with a scrub and then a lotion as a one-two punch against your bumps. “First, soak the affected area with warm water in the shower or bath,” he says. “Then, exfoliate with a gentle scrub, and finish with a 12 to 15 percent glycolic body lotion afterward.” We like Cane+Austin 15% Body Retexture Lotion ($48, caneandaustin.com).

Just stay away from harsh exfoliation in the form of loofahs or grainy scrubs because that can actually worsen the condition, causing inflammation, says Bank.

RELATED: 3 Sensitive Skin Myths—Busted!

Take a Daily Fish Oil Supplement
“This will lubricate some of these dead skin cells so they shed more easily,” says Bank. In fact, one study even found that a diet rich in omega-3’s (found in fish oil) can reduce the symptoms of eczema. Bank recommends taking a supplement in conjunction with other treatments to see the best results.

RELATED: 5 Foods That Contain Omega-3’s That AREN’T Fish

If At-Home Treatments Fail, Try Microdermabrasion
This in-office treatment can successfully help treat keratosis pilaris. During the procedure, a vacuum with a crystal tip is used to slough off the cells that are stuck in the hair follicle. However, keep in mind that microdermabrasion isn’t cheap (one session can cost anywhere from $100 to $200). Since keratosis pilaris requires ongoing maintenance, you should really only consider this option if what you’re doing at home isn’t helping, says Bank.

Though I’ve been blessed with a lack of acne throughout my life, my skin has more than made up for it with blemishes elsewhere: For as long as I can remember, smooth, mark-free arms and legs have been little more than a pipe dream. I, like many, have always suffered from keratosis pilaris (colloquially known as chicken skin), a physically painless but plenty embarrassing skin condition that manifests itself in large patches of rough red bumps all over my upper arms and thighs. KP is caused by a genetic inclination to produce too much keratin, causing hair follicles on the body to be clogged (hence, bumps). It’s genetic, affecting 40 percent of adults to varying degrees—and there’s no known cure.

Now, it’s certainly a shallow annoyance; in the scheme of things, I’m happy to have my health even with a few bumps along the way, to put it literally. But I will also say that my inner 14-year-old—the one who wore only long sleeves for much of her high school career out of sheer self-consciousness—can’t help but fixate on it. And I know I’m not alone: A coworker and I who share this same genetic “gift” have commiserated about the many ways in which we’ve attempted to combat it to no avail: the stinky, stinging medicated creams, apple cider vinegar, coconut oil, apple cider vinegar and coconut oil, dry brushing…the list goes on, the bumps remain. After years of fruitless effort, I was D-O-N-E.

And yet I sit here writing this with the smooth arms that I had resigned myself to never have—and I got them entirely by accident.

While snowed in a few weeks ago, I decided to warm up in a bath with all the works: aromatherapy, oils, my “Zen” playlist on Spotify. When I realized I was out of bath oils, I spied my trusty bottle of Moroccanoil—as in, the hair treatment that I rely on to combat my post-shower frizz—on my bureau. Figuring that it smells amazing and that ultra-moisturizing argan oil is a primary ingredient, I thought, why not? and dumped a few glugs in the bathwater.

It wasn’t until a few hours later when I was toweled, dried, and lounging around that I absentmindedly ran my hand up my arm and realized that it felt totally unfamiliar. I looked down and realized with amazement that I was 100 percent bump free—there weren’t even any residual redness or faded marks that would suggest I ever had KP. The pleasant astonishment morphed into utter elation when I realized my legs were in a similarly silky state.

The smoothness lasted for nearly a week—and then another, after I took another Moroccanoil-ed bath just to be sure that this wasn’t some horrifically cruel fluke. In the same tentative spirit, I coerced the aforementioned coworker to give it a try. “I think you’re onto something here,” she emailed me after her first test. (Huzzah!) But what was I onto? I certainly didn’t want to argue with it, but why was this the answer? When I asked the folks at Moroccanoil whether they knew they held the secret cure to Victoria’s Secret Angel-worthy skin, they were as happily clueless as I. I knew it couldn’t just be the presence of argan oil, as pure argan oil was one of the many treatments I had tried in the past. (It had helped more than others, but hadn’t left my skin as flawless as it was now.)

Moroccanoil Hair Treatment, $43; moroccanoil.com

Ever determined to play beauty detective, I then turned to doctors Gary Goldenberg and Joshua Zeichner, both practicing dermatologists with Mt. Sinai in New York. They both agree that the presence of argan oil is probably largely responsible. “It’s rich in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E,” Dr. Zeichner explains. “These ingredients help dry irritated skin and support healthy skin cell function, explaining its usefulness in treating KP, since keratosis pilaris is caused by an accumulation of dead cells around the hair follicles.” As for the head-scratching question as to why pure argan oil hadn’t helped me as much in the past, Dr. Goldenberg thinks that it’s possible that dimethicone—a common anti-inflammatory skin care ingredient that is found in Moroccanoil—could be helpful as well.

It’s a bit of an unsolved puzzle, but in the end, there’s something about the combination of ingredients in this hair treatment that works—and honestly, I don’t really want to argue with it. (I don’t think the other 40 percent of adults who deal with KP would, either.) And while I’m scaling back on this newfound remedy for the time being (it’s not cheap, and these chilly days, I’m not exactly baring my skin), it feels pretty awesome to know that an annoyance I’ve dealt with my entire life—no matter how shallow—is suddenly under my control.

And just in time for warmer weather, too.

Victoria Dawson Hoff Associate Editor Victoria Hoff is the associate editor at ELLE.com, covering everything from fashion to beauty to wellness.

8 Top Tips To Get Smoother Arms And Underarms!

Our Indian climate pretty much mandates the sleeveless code. Don’t be coerced into hiding your arms because of uneven skin tone, an awful tan or fuzz. Dare to bare your arms with these tips which will leave you with silky smooth and flawless arms (and underarms).

1. Exfoliate Your Way To Smoothness

Exfoliation is the key to buffed, even-toned and smooth skin, and this applies to your arms and underarms as well. Make sure you buff your skin using a gentle exfoliator at least twice a week if not more. This will ensure that your moisturizer is absorbed well and makes the skin smooth to touch. Pick an exfoliator for your skin type and make sure the beads aren’t too big as that can be a bit too abrasive for your skin’s liking.

2. Up That Moisturizing Game


Skin needs to be moisturized regardless of the body part and the season. Dry skin is prone to looking dull and patchy, therefore it is crucial that your arms and underarms be moisturized after every shower to ensure that they look polished and hydrated. Pick a light moisturizer for the summers if you detest the feel of cream on your skin, but ensure that you never ever skip moisturizing after a shower. Alternatively, you can try wash-off lotions, which are moisturizers that you slather on after your shower, let sit for a few minutes and wash off.

3. Avoid Antiperspirants

Antiperspirants aren’t too good for your skin or even health. If it is hot outside, your body is meant to sweat to regulate its temperature. By stopping that process with the use of antiperspirants, you are essentially interfering with your body’s temperature regulating mechanism. They also tend to darken skin over time so it’s best that they are given a miss. Stick to a regular deodorant and frequent showers.
Also read: Go Hair-Free At Home: Hair Removal Products That Actually Work!

4. Give Laser Hair Reduction A Shot

It’s always a good time to give laser hair removal a shot. With the weather in your favour to bare your skin, remaining fuzz-free is an essential. The hassles of shaving and waxing and the side effects of hair removal creams can be ended with a laser treatment. A few sessions give you good results and it saves you an insane amount of time which would have otherwise been spent on upkeep.This way your wardrobe doesn’t have to depend on your waxing schedule, and you can go sleeveless whenever you please.

5. Protection Is Better Than Damage Control!


Never ever skip sunscreen and always use one that is at least an SPF30. Very often, we use sunscreen on our face and skip the rest of the body. As a thumb rule, use a sunscreen regardless of where you are or what you’re wearing. Opt for light gel-based or spray-based formulae to avoid stickiness. Remember it is easier to protect yourself now than to struggle with tan removal later on.

6. Cover Up

Summer is tank top season but you may want to cover up with a light shrug or wear loose tops with longer sleeves to protect your skin from the sun. Using sunscreen helps, but cloth acts as another protective layer on your skin before the UV rays can touch it.
Also read: 7 Beauty Tips For Smooth Underarms (And No Dark Patches!)

7. Fabric Check

Opt for light, natural fabrics as they tend to be gentler on the skin, absorb sweat better, keep you cooler and don’t cause irritation around your underarms due to friction.

8. Cool Down


Regulate your body temperature with regular showers to make sure that your arms and underarms stay cool. Heat and friction together can wreck havoc on your skin, causing acne, rash and even pigmentation. Keeping the skin cool and pores tight with cold showers can be immensely helpful in maintaining smooth, flawless, even-toned skin.
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If you look like you have an eternal case of the goosebumps (regardless of whether or not you’re actually cold), you might be suffering from a completely harmless but nonetheless annoying condition called keratosis pilaris (commonly referred to as chicken skin thanks to the keratosis pilaris’ resemblance to a featherless chicken). We talked to leading dermatologists to learn more about keratosis pilaris and how to treat it. Read on for the ultimate guide to understanding and dealing with chicken skin.

What is the cause of keratosis pilaris?

“Keratosis pilaris forms due to tiny plugs of natural skin proteins (called keratin) that heap on top of each hair follicle, causing tiny, rough, pink or dark polka dots on the skin,” explains Stanford-trained dermatologist Laurel Naversen Geraghty, who regularly shares her best skincare tips on Instagram. “This condition is most common in people with dry skin or eczema, and it’s genetic.”

If you have keratosis pilaris, you’re not alone. Forty percent of adults are also wondering “why do I have chicken skin?” And while there is no cure, keratosis pilaris does tend to improve with age. Geraghty says she seems keratosis pilaris most often in children, adolescents and young adults, but not nearly as much in older patients. It’s even possible to simply grow out of it. In children, for example, keratosis pilaris often develops on the cheeks but clears as they grow.

Where can keratosis pilaris occur?

Keratosis pilaris commonly occur on the arms, shoulders, thighs, upper back, and buttocks. It’s less common, but they can also appear on the face. The bumps can be flesh-colored or red, and can be accompanied by swelling.

Is keratosis pilaris painful?

Keratosis pilaris is never painful, or even itchy. It’s completely harmless and benign. “If your skin is itchy, be suspicious that you have eczema instead,” says Geraghty.

How do you get rid of keratosis pilaris?

Wondering what can help chicken skin? While there’s no cure, there are things you can do to to soften your skin and mitigate redness. Here, a few dermatologist-approved strategies for combating keratosis pilaris.

1. Lotion with Urea or Ammonium Lactate

“One of the best ways to soften keratosis pilaris is with an over-the-counter lotion containing urea or ammonium lactate, ideally smoothed on twice every day. These topical creams contain gentle acids that leave skin softer and smoother,” explains Geraghty. Try the AmLactin’s line of lotions with ammonium lactate, and or Udderly Smooth Extra Care Cream with urea.

2. Differin

“Over-the-counter Differin gel is marketed for acne, but it contains a mild retinoid called adapalene that can help slough off rough skin papules. Use only a small amount (and be sure to apply plain moisturizing cream on top) or you could end up rashy, red, or irritated. Prescription versions that are even more potent and effective include tretinoin (often called Retin-A) and tazarotene,” says Geraghty.

3. Cortisone Cream

Cortisone cream can help temporarily reduce the redness that can come with the condition. Try a prescription cortisone cream such as Triamcinolone 0.1% Cream. After a week or two, you should see a temporary reduction in redness.

4. Laser Treatment

A pulsed dye laser can also be effective at reducing redness caused by keratosis pilaris, but the effect will only be temporary. Due to the skin’s genetic tendency to form keratosis pilaris, it’s likely that the pink color will return with time.

5. Off-Label Scalp Treatment

Detroit-based dermatologist Linda Honet, M.D. suffers from keratosis pilaris personally, and her outside-the-box solution is to apply Restorsea Revitalizing Scalp Treatment to her keratosis pilaris. “The beauty of Restorsea and the enzyme in it—which is extracted from salmon—is that is has selective exfoliation, meaning it only exfoliates the dead skin layers and doesn’t cause irritation like glycolic acid or even sting,” Honet says.

Read More

Chicken skin is the common name for a very common skin condition called Keratosis Pilaris.

The appearance of the skin condition is what gives its name, raised bumps on the skin that are sometimes red, and it can happen on the arms and elsewhere.

This is why you get it and how to treat it effectively, most importantly this is how to keep it gone too.

Pic:

For most people chicken skin occurs mainly on the back of the upper arms.

But it’s not just here it can surface, the thighs and buttocks can also show signs of the condition.

It’s thought the condition is very common, and while it can’t be cured, it can be treated and managed.

Treatment Solution

Pic: Nip + Fab Glycolic Fix Body Lotion, €13.99/stockists nationwide

The skin bumps are formed by a buildup of keratin in the hair follicle, this is key to how you get rid of it.

Keratin is what makes up our hair and nails, in this scenario it forms those hard bumps and it’s difficult resist picking at them or to scrub.

That’s exactly what you shouldn’t do, this is how you break down those bumps and get skin smoother again.

Treatment Solution

Pic: Paula’s Choice Weightless Body Treatment 2% BHA, €29.95, www.cloud10beauty.com

This gentle approach is actually far more effective than being rough with your skin.

By using an acid at the right concentration, the formula will basically dissolve away chicken skin and leave your skin smooth and soft.

If you’re using Glycolic Acid try a solution of around 5%-10%, with Salicylic Acid stick to around 2%.

Moisturise

Pic: La Roche-Posay Lipikar AP Balm, €21.99/400mls/pharmacies

As dryness plays a part in the skin condition, your best approach after smoothing the skin is this.

Once skin is looking and feeling better you really need to keep skin as moisturised as possible with daily doses of an effective body lotion or butter.

This will keep skin in the best possible condition, but if the hard bumps start to form again go back to your treatment solution and apply for a couple of days to make an improvement.

Each of the product options pictured above are great buys for chicken skin, follow their instructions to the letter.

Truth behind ‘chicken skin’ – the red bumps you get at the top of your arms

Ever since the temperatures started to drop across Cambridgeshire you may have noticed a cluster of strange red bumps start to appear on the top of your arms.

The condition, often known as chicken skin, occurs in cold, dry weather, but it’s don’t worry yourselves too much as the bumps and redness are nothing to be concerned about and is very common.

Officially known as keratosis pilaris, the small dots are usually found at the top of your arms and back but can also appear on the thighs, buttocks and forearms. The red marks tends to look like semi-permanent goosebumps.

So what is keratosis pilaris?

Keratosis pilaris is patches of skin, usually on the upper arm, that are red and bumpy. Sometimes it can feel dry and rough like goose bumps, Essex Live reports.

The skin can become itchy and inflamed for some people who suffer from it and many notice an improvement during the summer months and it can become worse in the cold, drier conditions of winter.

It is a heredity skin condition where if one parent has it there is a one in two chance the child will inherit it. It happens because there is a build up of protein (keratin) in the skin’s hair follicles which causes the outer layer of the skin to thicken.

The NHS website said: “The excess keratin blocks the hair follicles with plugs of hard, rough skin. The tiny plugs widen the pores, giving the skin a spotty appearance.”

It is not contagious.

Who is affected?

It affects up to one in three people in the UK and they can be of any age, but it is found more commonly in adolescents, females, people with eczema and people of Celtic origins.

It usually begins when the sufferer is a baby but the condition can be very mild and not noticed until it becomes ‘worse’ during puberty and it can clear in adulthood, but not always.

People have been known to have the condition well into their 50s, but there are no elderly cases of keratosis pilaris.

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Is there a cure?

No. There is no cure for keratosis pilaris, but it is harmless and very common. Read below for reducing its apperance.

How should I treat keratosis pilaris?

In reality there is very little that can be done to treat keratosis pilaris but there are some tips on how to reduce the reddness if it is bothering you.

The NHS recommends:

Stop using scented soap. Use a non-cleansing saop so that it won’t dry out your skin.

Moisturise. Your GP or pharmacist can recommend creams that will reduce the dryness.

Exfoliate. Gently exfoliating of the area with a foam pad or pumice stone can take away the rough skin. But be gentle.

Lukewarm showers. Not a hot bath.

Some have turned to chemical peels and cosmetic exfoliation treatments, but it is important to note that there is no strong evidence that these will help any more than the above advice.

Should I see my doctor?

There is no need to see your doctor if you have keratosis pilaris, but if you are concerned about any rash you should always consult a medical professional, such as trying the NHS Choices 111 service.

Real talk: I’ve had bumpy arms for as long as I can remember. Despite having tried every treatment under the sun — really, I even tried the sun — my red, patchy keratosis pilaris (or “chicken skin,” as my grandmother so sweetly calls it) plagued my younger years. I wore cardigans to school year-round, I methodically coated the backs of my arms in Sally Hansen’s Airbrush Legs spray, and I spent a decade wondering why every boy I dated insisted on swaddling me in blankets, until I realized they mistook my KP for perpetual goose bumps.

“Keratosis pilaris is a build-up of keratin — a hair protein — in the pores that clogs up and blocks the opening of growing hair follicles,” dermatologist Doris Day tells Allure. “As a result, small bumps form over where the hair should be.”

Even now, I’m still dreading the summer months when I’ll be forced to bare my arms and abandon the comfort of sleeves. So instead of spending another season hating on my skin for having KP, I decided to go to the pros to find out exactly how to eradicate keratosis pilaris once and for all.

1. Understand that you can’t “cure” keratosis pilaris.

“You can’t eradicate keratosis pilaris,” says Day. (Editorial note: Bummer.) “It’s a genetic condition where, for some reason, the follicles on the outer arms and thighs get clogged and don’t naturally exfoliate,” she explains. But that doesn’t mean you should run out and buy a loofah. “We used to think if you exfoliated enough, you’d be able to undo KP,” says Day. “But exfoliating can actually irritate the bumps and make them much worse.”

2. Start with chemical exfoliators.

“There isn’t a permanent fix, but you can make the bumps go away for a while with glycolic and lactic acid treatments, which will diminish buildup and make your skin feel softer,” says Kenneth Beer, a Palm Beach dermatologist. We like the Skinfix’s Renewing Body Scrub & Cream combo.

3. Incorporate a cleansing brush into your routine.

Instead, Day suggests swapping your body scrub for a Clarisonic facial brush and a salicylic acid cleanser, like Neutrogena Pink Grapefruit Body Wash, which has 2 percent salicylic acid to penetrate follicles and chamomile to soothe skin.

4. Load up on lotion.

Post-shower, Day recommends applying AmLactin body lotion which has 12 percent lactic acid. “Lactic acid is great for KP because it loosens cells over time to gently exfoliate skin,” she says. “It’s also a humectant, which means it will add moisture and minimize irritation.” Make sure to slather it on every day and you should notice smoother skin within a week or two, she notes.

5. Visit your dermatologist.

If at-home treatments still aren’t cutting it, make an appointment with your physician. “Your dermatologist can greatly reduce the appearance of keratosis pilaris with just a few in-office laser treatments, which help to exfoliate the deepest layers of your skin,” says Day.

More on questionable bumps:

  • Those Tiny White Bumps on Your Face Aren’t Acne
  • 4 Steps to Getting Rid of a Cystic Pimple, Fast
  • This Is the Fastest Way to Get Rid of Those Deep, Painful Pimples, According to Top Dermatologists

Now, find out what makes this cystic acne sufferer feel confident:

“Bumpy arms”, “chicken skin” or “goosebumps that never go away” are common phrases we hear when patients come to us with keratosis pilaris or “KP”.

KP is a benign condition of the skin that commonly occurs on the backs of the upper arms and also on the thighs or buttocks. Sometimes, younger patients may even display KP on their cheeks. The bumpy texture of the skin is caused by dead skin plugging a hair follicle. Many times it is asymptomatic; however, sometimes patients will report itching or sensitivity on the skin.

Most commonly KP is seen in patients in their teenage years or young infants under the age of two. Some causes of KP include having close family members with the condition, dry skin, eczema, and obesity.

While KP is not a harmful condition, many patients are concerned by the appearance of their skin. Treatments for KP include prescription moisturizers containing Urea, Lactic Acid or other exfoliators to help improve the appearance and texture of the bumpy skin by removing excess dead skin cells. In a few cases, a laser may be utilized to further treat this condition.

KP is not contagious and for many people it may even resolve spontaneously. To schedule an appointment to discuss your skin, call our office at (952) 929-8888.

Brooke Moss, PA-C, MPH is a board-certified dermatology Physician Assistant. She is accepting new patients in our Edina and Downtown Minneapolis locations.

Gluten Causes Keratosis Pilaris (a.k.a. “Chicken Skin”): Fact or Myth?

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According to “Dr. Google,” the tiny bumps popularly known as ” chicken skin” that occur on the backs of arms and on cheeks and thighs can be cured by eliminating gluten from the diet. Is there truth to that claim or is it yet another Internet myth? Found in up to 50% of the world’s population, and known in medical terms as keratosis pilaris, these tiny bumps can be cosmetically unappealing but don’t typically cause other symptoms or harm. But their presence can cause significant emotional distress for some, especially at times of flare-ups due to their undesirable cosmetic appearance.
My patients often ask me what causes these common little bumps, if gluten or an allergy is to blame, and how to get rid of them.

Keratosis Pilaris Explained

Keratosis pilaris occurs due to overproduction or build up of keratin, a protective protein found on the skin. The bumps can be surrounded by redness, a sign of inflammation that is also seen when they are examined microscopically. Keratosis pilaris occurs more often in people with eczema or dry skin and gets worse in cold or dry weather. As expected, you will find it associated with other inflammatory conditions such as allergies and asthma.

More common in youth but adults get it too

Keratosis pilaris affects 50-80% of adolescents and up to 40% of adults. It may flare up during puberty and lessen with age. There is a strong genetic component so it often runs in families. Symptoms typically come and go throughout the year. Picking at the bumps will only make them cosmetically more significant and increase scarring and discoloration, leaving them darker.

Causes of Keratosis Pilaris

Although it is known to have a genetic factor, scientists do not know the true cause of keratosis pilaris. It is seen more commonly in inflammatory conditions such as asthma and allergies, and is associated with dry skin, vitamin A and essential fatty acid deficiency. Exacerbations and remissions may occur with times of hormonal change such as pregnancy.

Gluten as a cause

There are no studies indicating a direct correlation between gluten ingestion and keratosis pilaris. However, it can be caused by vitamin A deficiency or essential fatty acid deficiency, both of which can occur with impaired absorption. If you have celiac disease or gluten sensitivity you theoretically might suffer from keratosis pilaris flare-ups if you are consuming gluten and have ongoing inflammation or malabsorption.

Hydration

Hydration and lubrication of the skin is the mainstay of treatment. Mild cases can be treated with over-the-counter lubricating creams, easily found at the drugstore or with an Internet search. There is a laundry list of dermatologic therapies such as alpha-hydroxy creams, retinoic acid therapies and steroids that dermatologists may prescribe and compounded combination therapies that can be formulated. Further specific medications are beyond the scope of this article but can be found here. For more severe cases, laser therapy and dermabrasion may be used.

Integrative Therapies

The most commonly used integrative therapy is to supplement the diet with omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil. In addition to providing the essential fatty acids that may be lacking, these supplements also have a strong anti-inflammatory effect. Dietary manipulations such as gluten-free or dairy-free, anti-inflammatory, sugar-free, Paleo or various autoimmune diet protocols are often implemented. A variety of ‘gut healing’ regimens are also prescribed, but as with most therapies surrounding keratosis pilaris, there is no evidence to support or refute them.

Topical therapies may include coconut oil, olive oil or vitamin A capsules. Finally, exfoliants such as baking soda, oatmeal, or sugar or salt scrubs are sometimes helpful in reducing keratin build-up. Most people do not seek treatment for keratosis pilaris unless it is cosmetically significant, so home therapies are a popular approach.

Diet

Despite the lack of studies indicating a correlation between diet and keratosis pilaris, aside from the aforementioned vitamin A and EFA deficiency, there are many anecdotal reports, including from my patients, of improvement with dietary manipulation. Increasing essential fatty acid intake by consuming more coldwater fish such as sardines, mackerel and salmon may bring improvement. Walnuts are a great vegan source of essential fatty acids.

Food for thought

Although I have seen patients in my office improve their keratosis pilaris with gluten elimination, there is no evidence that everyone who suffers from it would benefit by avoiding gluten. It would be interesting to see a scientific study exploring whether there is a direct correlation between gluten consumption and keratosis pilaris, but since there are no known long-term health consequences of the condition, it may be low on the priority list for research funding. If a patient has been appropriately tested for celiac disease, however, a trial of a gluten-free diet is harmless as long as adequate nutritional intake is maintained.

Because keratosis pilaris is inflammatory in nature it also makes sense that anti-inflammatory diet protocols and lifestyle changes such as stress reduction, mindfulness techniques and proper sleep hygiene would have a positive effect on remission. While it is unlikely anyone will be rushing to do those studies soon, there is no reason that you can not implement changes to decrease inflammation on your own. It may just have the additional benefit of improving your keratosis pilaris.

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Have you ever experienced “chicken skin” on your arms or legs? If so, you’re not alone. Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition, affecting nearly 50–80 percent of adolescents and 40 percent of adults. (1) It looks like tiny, rough-feeling bumps on the skin that may be mistaken for small pimples. But, it’s a completely different skin issue.

Although keratosis pilaris is harmless, it can be embarrassing and even socially damaging. Most medications and over-the-counter treatments don’t yield results, but there are natural skin care remedies that will help to minimize the appearance of these sandpaper bumps and leave your skin looking clearer.

What Is Keratosis Pilaris?

Keratosis pilaris (KP) is the formation of rough-feeling bumps on the surface of the skin caused by plugged hair follicles. Many people refer to keratosis pilaris as chicken skin because of the rough texture that forms in areas like the arms and cheeks. These bumps are technically called “follicular keratotic papules.” They can affect any skin surface where hair grows. (2a)

Keratosis pilaris atrophicans is a group of related disorders, and it’s characterized by inflammatory keratotic papules. This inflammatory skin reaction may cause alopecia and scarring. (2b) Meanwhile, erythromelanosis follicularis faciei et colli (EFFC) is another related but much more rare skin condition, and it’s associated with KP over affected areas. EFFC is recognized by reddish-brown patches, usually on the cheeks and ears. (2c)

Although keratosis pilaris is a benign condition, it can be unsightly. It can even be psychologically damaging, especially because it occurs most commonly among adolescents. There is no cure for this condition. But, if you’re wondering how to get rid of KP, you can manage it with natural keratosis pilaris treatments. These treatments involve daily moisturizing, gentle exfoliating and using mild, non-irritating body soaps.

Keratosis Pilaris Signs and Symptoms

How do you diagnose keratosis pilaris? The most prominent symptom of KP is small, dry bumps that can feel a bit like sandpaper or goosebumps. The bumps are usually white. But sometimes they appear red, or a reddish-pink color may develop around the bumps. The number of bumps in one location varies, as a person can develop 10, 50 even 100 small bumps in one area.

According to research published in the International Journal of Trichology, the most common site of KP is the surface of the upper arms, occurring in 92 percent of patients. Other common areas are the thighs, with a 59 percent prevalence, and the buttocks, occurring in 30 percent of patients. Some people also develop bumps on their face, especially the cheeks, which is commonly mistaken for acne. (3)

Although the skin condition is usually harmless, it can leave your skin feeling itchy, rough and dry. It typically worsens in the cold weather months. Dry skin can actually make the bumps stand out and appear more noticeable.

Research shows that because keratosis pilaris symptoms commonly develop among adolescents, the skin condition may have a psychosocial impact. In fact, it has been associated with developmental issues of body image, sexuality and socialization. Data collected by researchers in Thailand shows that for 40 percent of those with keratosis pilaris, it has significant effects on self-image and impacts their quality of life. (4)

Causes and Risk Factors

Researchers still don’t fully understand the causes of KP. But, they believe that the buildup of keratin forms plugs in the openings of hair follicles. Keratin is a fibrous structural protein found in your hair, nails and epithelial cells that make up the outermost layer of your skin. It’s an essential building block of your skin, necessary for skin to keep regenerating.

Usually dead skin cells containing keratin will flake off the skin. But for some people, keratin builds up in the hair follicles and causes clogged pores. This results in the small, rough bumps associated with keratosis pilaris. Inside the plugged hair follicles, there may also be one or more twisted hairs; in fact, some scientists believe that keratosis pilaris is actually caused by thick hairs that form large coils under the superficial epidermis, or outer layers of the skin. Studies analyzing this theory suggest that the circular hair shaft ruptures follicle cells, leading to inflammation and abnormal keratin release. (5)

Because dead, dry skin causes keratosis pilaris, it can become worse in the winter months or when the skin dries out in low-humidity weather. When researchers at Amersham General Hospital in the U.K. conducted a survey involving 49 patients, 80 percent of them reported a seasonal variation in the severity of keratosis pilaris symptoms. Forty-nine percent of patients experienced improved symptoms in the summer months and 47 percent reported worsened symptoms in the winter. (6)

Research suggests that keratosis pilaris is genetic and it may be associated with genetic skin conditions, like atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema. In a 2015 study involving 50 patients, 67 percent of them had a family history of keratosis pilaris.

Age is another major risk factor for this skin condition. It appears frequently in childhood, reaching its peak prevalence in adolescence and disappearing by adulthood. A study published in the British Journal of Dermatology found that keratosis pilaris symptoms improved with age in 35 percent of the participants. The mean age of improvement was 16 years. (7)

Conventional Treatment

There is no cure for keratosis pilaris, but you can treat the symptoms with ongoing maintenance. Conventional forms of treatment involve using moisturizing lotions that contain lactic acid, salicylic acid, glycolic acid and urea. These are keratolytic agents that thin the skin on and around areas where lesions or excess skin has developed.

In a 2015 study published in Dermatology Research and Practice, the efficacy and tolerability of using creams with 10 percent lactic acid and 5 percent salicylic acid for the treatment of keratosis pilaris were evaluated. After 12 weeks of treatment, both the lactic acid and salicylic acid groups showed a significant reduction of lesions. The greatest reduction of symptoms occurred in the first four weeks and then declined after that. There was a greater number of adverse reactions among participants in the lactic acid group. These participants complained more about an unpleasant smell and irritation, such as a burning or itchy sensation, after applying the cream.

Although these treatments involving keratolytic agents appear effective, they do not cure the skin condition. Plus they must used on an ongoing basis in order to keep keratosis pilaris symptoms at bay. The side effects of these chemical treatments may also vary from person to person, being more severe in people with sensitivities. (8)

Pulsed dye laser targets are another type of treatment used to reduce the redness that’s associated with keratosis pilaris. A study conducted at the University Hospital of Wales in the U.K. found that pulsed dye laser therapy served as a safe and effective treatment for redness. But it did not significantly improve skin roughness. (9)

This may be a beneficial treatment option for people with fair skin who are looking to reduce the patchy redness on their cheeks or other noticeable areas of the body. The downside of this treatment is that most insurance companies don’t cover it. Also, it can cost a few hundred dollars per session. Case studies suggest that it takes one to four sessions to start seeing improvements. Plus, redness can return a few months after treatment. (10)

6 Natural Treatments for Keratosis Pilaris

1. Gently Exfoliate with Sea Salt

The key to removing dead skin and unplugging the hair follicles is to gently exfoliate without irritating the skin and adding to the problem. Use gentle and natural exfoliators, like sea salt, which contains anti-inflammatory properties to soothe the skin, remove dead skin cells and help the skin to maintain moisture levels. (11)

Make your own homemade scrub by mixing two teaspoons of sea salt with four teaspoons of raw honey. Raw honey has moisturizing properties and it’s a natural source of skin-boosting nutrients and acids. Apply the mixture evenly to the area of concern, rubbing it into the skin gently. Then let it stand for 15 minutes and rinse with warm water. Another effective combination for gently exfoliating your skin is my homemade body scrub that includes sea salt, honey, jojoba oil, coconut oil and peppermint oil.

2. Try Dry Brushing

Dry brushing helps to unclog pores and remove dead skin cells. Use a natural bristle brush and move it in long sweeping motions, brushing each area of your body. Make sure to do this before you wet your skin. Do it very gently so that you don’t irritate the skin and cause inflammation. The point is to remove the dead skin and unclog the plugged hair follicles that are causing the rough, bumpy patches. Once you’re done dry brushing, take a shower as usual and pat your skin dry. Apply a natural oil, like coconut oil, to the affected areas and the rest of your body.

3. Use Mild Soaps

Use a natural, non-toxic and mild soap in order to cleanse the sensitive areas without irritating the skin and causing even more redness and buildup. The best body soaps are made with pure, all-natural and chemical-free ingredients. One of my favorite products is Castile soap, which is traditionally made with olive oil. My homemade body wash is made with a combination of natural and beneficial ingredients, including Castile soap, honey, lavender oil, vitamin E and jojoba oil. It will help to nourish your skin without drying it out and making keratosis pilaris symptoms worse. (12)

4. Moisturize Daily

It is so important that you moisturize with natural, non-irritating products every day. When combined with gently exfoliating or dry brushing, applying a natural moisturizer like avocado to the affected areas will help to reduce inflammation and replenish hydration, leaving the skin feeling dewy instead of rough and flaky. Plus, avocado contains vitamin A, which serves as another keratosis pilaris treatment because it can help to reduce redness and support skin cells. Try my homemade avocado face mask on red and bumpy areas; leave it on for 20-30 minutes and then rinse it with warm water.

Some natural moisturizers that you can leave on your skin include coconut oil, aloe vera and jojoba oil. One of the best tools for your skin is coconut oil, which is known for fighting chronic skin conditions. It has anti-inflammatory properties and it helps to cleanse, moisturize and heal the skin. (13) After showering, apply coconut oil to your entire body (especially to the red and rough areas) while your skin is still damp. Then let your body air-dry or use a clean towel to pat dry.

5. Use a Humidifier

Because keratosis pilaris symptoms tend to get worse during the winter months when the skin is typically drier, using a humidifier in your bedroom can help to reduce skin patchiness and redness. It’s the low humidity that dries out your skin. So, adding moisture to the air inside your home, especially at night when you spend the longest amount of time inside, can help to relieve symptoms.

6. Eat Anti-Inflammatory Foods

Eating anti-inflammatory foods is a good idea for a keratosis pilaris diet that helps to heal and hydrate the body may help to relieve symptoms. These foods supply essential vitamins and minerals the body needs for proper skin cell growth, lesion healing and skin hydration. (14) Eat plenty of green leafy vegetables that are rich in antioxidants, beets that help to repair cells and berries that help to reduce swelling. It’s also important to eat plenty of omega-3 foods, like wild-caught salmon, because they are potent anti-inflammatory substances. And, of course, drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated.

Precautions

If any of these keratosis pilaris treatments are irritating your skin and making symptoms worse, stop using that technique immediately. Make sure to exfoliate very gently — just enough to remove the dead skin cells from the top layer of your skin. If you decide to use creams with chemical ingredients, pay close attention to the way your skin reacts. Stop treatment if the affected areas feel itchy, hot or irritated.

Final Thoughts

  • Keratosis pilaris or KP is a common skin condition that affects nearly 50-80 percent of adolescents and 40 percent of adults.
  • Keratosis pilaris is the formation of rough-feeling bumps on the surface of the skin that are caused by plugged hair follicles. Many people refer to keratosis pilaris as chicken skin because of the rough texture that forms in areas like the arms, thighs, buttocks and cheeks.
  • Symptoms usually develop among adolescents and the prevalence decreases with age. Keratosis pilaris also seems to be genetic.
  • The most effective way to treat keratosis pilaris is to remove dead skin cells by gently exfoliating, moisturizing the skin daily and avoiding irritating, toxic chemical soaps.
  • The best skin care ingredients to use for keratosis pilaris treatment include coconut oil, jojoba oil, lavender essential oil, sea salt, raw honey, avocado and Castile soap.

That bumpy, rough-textured skin that tends to crop up all rash-like on your arms? It probably isn’t an allergic reaction to your new washing powder.

Totally harmless but sometimes uncomfortable and often unsightly, Keratosis Pilaris is the dermatological name for what most of us refer to as ‘chicken skin’ – skin that looks bobbly and red and feels slightly prickly to the touch.

The good news? You don’t have to suffer with it.

ELLE got the best dermatologists in the biz involved, so you can say a big fat see ya to uneven skin.

Selin AlemdarGetty Images

What Is Keratosis Pilaris And Why Do I Have It?

‘Keratosis Pilaris (KP) is a common inherited disorder of the skin affecting around 1 in 20 of us,’ says London based consultant dermatologist Dr. Justine Kluk.

‘It occurs due to an accumulation of keratin at the opening of the hair follicle, leading to stubborn, horny plugs on the skin’s surface. These are often surrounded by a rim of redness giving a stippled or speckled appearance and may resemble goose bumps or “chicken skin.”‘

So, why do we get it?

‘KP usually becomes apparent during childhood and is most likely to affect the upper arms, front of the thighs and sides of the cheeks,’ continues Justine. ‘The size of the bumps is said to increase and decrease over a period of months and can fluctuate in different hormonal states, such as pregnancy.’

Getty Images

How To Minimise The Appearance Of Keratosis Pilaris

‘Even without therapy, the condition tends to become less prominent with age,’ says Justine, ‘although this is not always the case. In light of the genetic predisposition there is unfortunately no cure for KP.’

And while there is no miracle remedy to clear it up entirely, there are a number of different things sufferers can do to improve how Keratosis Pilaris looks and feels.

1) Avoid Harsh Soaps And Body Washes

When it comes to shower gel, we want them to lather up a treat, smell gorgeous and look pretty by the side of the tub, but if you suffer with Keratosis Pilaris, it might be a good idea to swap your current body wash out for something gentler.

According to Dr. Anjali Mahto, consultant dermatologist at Skin55, using bland, fragrance-free cream or emollient cleansers will reduce dryness and make Keratosis Pilaris feel a little less rough, so you can forget the shudder-worthy feeling that comes with catching the skin on your arms when you pull on a jumper – ugh.

Try…

– CeraVe Hydrating Body Wash, launches at Boots in March

Developed with dermatologists, everything in the CeraVe range aims to find a solution for skin problems. This creamy cleanser cloaks dry, sensitive skin in moisture and leaves it feeling properly clean, not tight, scratchy or scaly.

– Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser, £8.99

Beloved by skin experts and beauty editors alike, Cetaphil’s milky cleanser is free from fragrances and comedogenic ingredients, so it won’t block your pores or strip your skin of the good stuff.

– E45 Emollient Wash Cream, £5.45

This might not lather up but it cleans, soothes and smooths. It feels ultra-nourishing, so a few pumps is all you need.

Body washes containing glycolic or salicylic acid should also help make your skin feel smoother and look more refined. AHA glycolic acid turfs away dead skin on the surface, while salicylic acid makes its way to the deeper levels of the skin to target the keratin responsible for Keratosis Pilaris.

We swear by the Mario Badescu AHA Botanical Soap, £8.

2) Choose The Right Body Lotion

While there’s nothing like slathering on a luxurious, skin-quenching body oil after a shower, it might be a good idea to swap your current hydrator for something packed with exfoliators and humectants.

We’re talking alpha hydroxy acids (e.g. lactic and glycolic acid to exfoliate the top layer of skin), beta hydroxy acids (like salicylic acid which penetrates pores and breaks down the keratin that leads to clogging), as well as urea, an ingredient which keeps moisture under lock and key in the skin.

But whatever you choose, there’s a clever knack to it applying it.

‘After bathing, a moisturising cream or lotion should be applied to damp skin in a downward direction – the same direction as the hair growth,’ says Dr. Justine.

Got it.

– Ameliorate Transforming Body Lotion, £14.50

Approved by Dr. Justine, Dr. Mahto and us, this body lotion takes rough, ragged skin and makes it supermodel-smooth, thanks to a powerhouse of dead-skin busting alpha hydroxy acids.

– NeoStrata Problem Dry Skin Cream 20 AHA/PHA, £29.99

The high percentage of alpha hydroxy acids (20%, to be exact) in NeoStrata’s cream has the muscle to slough away scaly, flaky skin. Referred to by experts as the ultimate moisturising ingredient, the added vitamin E helps reduce that sandpaper feel that is typical of Keratosis Pilaris.

– Eucerin Intensive 10% w/w Urea Treatment Cream, £12.50

Dryness can make Keratosis Pilaris look and feel worse, but the urea in this body lotion really helps retain moisture in the skin. Treat damp limbs to a generous slathering after showering and you’ll notice a difference in your skin’s texture after a couple of days.

3) Incorporate A Physical Exfoliator Into Your Shower Routine

Acids aren’t the only route to super-soft skin. According to Dr. Anjali, gentle manual exfoliation with a loofah or sponge will also help.

But how often should you be doing it?

‘A couple of times a week in the bath or shower has been shown in dermatological studies to improve results,’ says Dr. Justine, who also rates body polishes and scrubs. But remember – ‘Vigorous scouring, however, is likely to cause irritation and should be discouraged.’

Ouch.

– Nuxe Reve de Miel Body Scrub, £19.50

Nuxe’s luxurious body scrub combines sugar, honey and both argan and borage oils to lift away the keratin and dead skin cells responsible for bumps. It really nurtures dry, deflated skin.

– Neal’s Yard Remedies Pumice Stone, £2.50

This might not look like much but it works wonders to bring down bumps, all while being super-kind on skin. Take it into the shower with you and buff your skin while it’s wet.

– Hydrea London Organic Egyptian Loofah Bath Mitt, £5.75

Unlike other mitts, this isn’t scratchy or abrasive and won’t leave you red raw. Pop it on your hand and buff your body in circular motions.

4) Try A Retinol Treatment

There’s no denying retinol is the gold-standard when it comes to skincare. Not only does regular use have the ability to minimise the appearance of acne, fine lines and hyper-pigmentation but it works a treat to smooth Keratosis Pilaris, too.

‘A dermatologist may prescribe a retinoid cream to help smooth the skin,’ says Dr. Justine, ‘or a short burst of steroid cream if the bumps are particularly red, itchy and inflamed.’

No time for an appointment?

– Paula’s Choice Resist Retinol Skin Smoothing Body Treatment, £32

A best-seller for good reason, Paula’s Choice Resist Retinol levelled out our skin texture in a week. Even better? The formula comes in an air-tight pump, which means the skin-smoothing ingredients won’t degrade.

– The Ordinary Granactive Retinoid 2% Emulsion, £8

Face, body… Wherever you use this milky retinoid serum, you can expect smoother, softer more refined skin in virtually next to no time at all. We’ll take two more bottles, please.

5) Try A Light Or Laser Treatment

If your parched skin is getting you down, Dr. Anjali, mentions that light or laser treatments – such as IPL and pulse dye – can temporarily reduce Keratosis Pilaris-induced redness. Dr. Justine says that persistent skin discolouration or pigmentation caused by the skin condition can also be treated by lasers.

The bad news? They’ll do very little for the bumps, so your best bet is to combine regular exfoliation with regular moisturising.

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