Bpa free baby bottle

Table of Contents

BPA Free

What does it mean to b BPA Free?

BPA stands for bisphenol A. BPA is an industrial chemical that has been used to make certain plastics and resins since the 1960s. BPA is found in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastics are often used in containers that store food and beverages, such as water bottles. They may also be used in other consumer goods. Epoxy resins are used to coat the inside of metal products, such as food cans, bottle tops and water supply lines. Some dental sealants and composites also may contain BPA. Some research has shown that BPA can seep into food or beverages from containers that are made with BPA. Exposure to BPA is a concern because of possible health effects of BPA on the brain, behavior and prostate gland of fetuses, infants and children.

However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has said that BPA is safe at the very low levels that occur in some foods. This assessment is based on review of hundreds of studies. The FDA is continuing its review of BPA, including supporting ongoing research. In the meantime, if you’re concerned about BPA, you can take these steps to reduce your exposure:

  • Seek out BPA-free products. More and more BPA-free products have come to market. Look for products labeled as BPA-free. If a product isn’t labeled, keep in mind that some, but not all, plastics marked with recycle codes 3 or 7 may be made with BPA.
  • Cut back on cans. Reduce your use of canned foods since most cans are lined with BPA-containing resin.
  • Avoid heat. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, advises against microwaving polycarbonate plastics or putting them in the dishwasher, because the plastic may break down over time and allow BPA to leach into foods.
  • Use alternatives. Use glass, porcelain or stainless steel containers for hot foods and liquids instead of plastic containers.

A product that is BPA free is one which does not use the organic compound Bisphenol A in its construction. In the past many plastic products such as baby bottles, plastic plates and cutlery, storage containers and drink bottles have been made using BPA.

Infants and young children were shown to have the highest level of BPA exposure due to bottles and sippy cups being made from BPA plastics. When bottles and cups are washed, sterilized in hot water, or heated, small amounts of BPA leach out of the plastics. Links have also been made between BPA consumption and obesity. A study by the Yale School of Medicine in 2008 found a connection between BPA and the interference with the brains cells related to memory, mood and learning. Many other studies have been undertaken and have produced links between BPA and cancer, thyroid dysfunction, reproductive issues and attention deficits.

Due to this extensive research many products are now being manufactured without the substance. Makers of baby products are now selling BPA free products. As consumer awareness increases so too will the number of products that are BPA free.

What Does BPA-Free Mean?

Look around you. How much plastic do you see? What are you reading this article on? Does it contain plastic? What were the ingredients of your last meal packaged in? What about the pen you wrote your last to-do list with? The steering wheel of your car? Your lotion bottle? Plastic is everywhere! If you are like many people lately, you may be questioning how safe plastics are. We’ve heard a lot about BPA and BPA-free products, but what are the real concerns?

BPA’s Long History and Uses

Bisphenol A (BPA), was first created all the way back in 1891 by Aleksandr Dianin, a chemist from Russia, reports Encyclopedia Britannica. Scientists began using it in the 1930s as a synthetic estrogen, and even then there were concerns about its carcinogenic properties. In the 1950s, scientists used BPA to create a clear, hard resin. From that point on, BPA was used widely in plastics, including many reusable plastic water bottles, baby bottles, food containers, and safety goggles, as well as in non-plastic items such as receipts and the lining of food cans. Plastic made with BPA is especially clear, tough and heat resistant. As such, BPA is even used in dental sealants, according to the American Dental Association.

Is BPA Safe?

So, why is there so much worry and controversy about this compound? Human exposure to BPA most often comes from food or beverages stored in containers made with BPA. As the Encyclopedia Britannica notes, it’s known to readily leach out of these plastic products, especially when heated. A study published in Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) notes that BPA can be found in the urine of nearly all Americans (approximately 93 percent) over the age of five.

You’ve likely been exposed to BPA in your lifetime, but is the substance safe? There’s still no clear verdict on the safeness of the plastic hardener since governmental and scientific groups come to conflicting conclusions, and studies seem to show different findings.

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined that the low doses of BPA ingested by the general public are not a health risk. According to the American Chemistry Council, a federal research program assessing the long-term risks of BPA exposure found that the substance is eliminated from the body quickly and causes no negative health effects. Despite these findings, and due to consumer concerns, the FDA’s regulations do not allow BPA in baby bottles or sippy cups.

Other studies and organizations challenge the conclusion that BPA is entirely safe. A review published in Advanced Science linked BPA to breast cancer, noting that evidence supports the classification of BPA as a carcinogen. BPA is also known to mimic estrogen (remember how it was used as an estrogen replacement in the ’30s?), meaning it may contribute to prostate cancer as well as disrupt thyroid hormone receptors, according to a study in the journal Medicine. A study published in Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada concluded that BPA exposure may also be linked to obesity. These differing opinions make many people leery of using plastics containing BPA in general and leave them searching for BPA-free products.

BPA-Free Alternatives

Learning that there are products made without BPA might seem like great news after learning about the potential health concerns. However, this labeling often only means that a different variety of the compound has been used, such as bisphenol S (BPS) or bisphenol F (BPF), reports another study published in EHP. Because these compounds are structurally similar to BPA, they exhibit the same hormonal effects. Note that a BPA-free label may also mean that the product contains no variation of these compounds, but it can be hard to tell for certain, especially when making a quick decision at the store.

Keep in mind that, according to the EHP study, BPA, BPS, and BPF have all been detected virtually everywhere: in dust within our homes, food, soil, and even surface water. These compounds, and plastic in general, can be difficult to avoid entirely. The most important thing is for you to choose the products that work for you and your family. Make swaps where you can, such as buying fewer canned foods and not heating food in plastic but in ceramic or glass instead. You can look for plastic BPA-free items in the same sections of the store that you normally would search for any item, and you can usually find canned goods and water bottles that are labeled “BPA-free” in your average big box store.

Tips to Avoid Plastics

Reducing your plastic usage at home can help if you want to avoid exposure to BPA and its variations—plus, minimizing plastic use offers many environmental benefits. Using less plastic is a better choice for the Earth because all plastics, those containing BPA or not, are made from oil. Mining for oil degrades wildlife habitats and negatively impacts water quality, especially if an oil spill occurs, reports the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

I’ve always been a proponent of glass and stainless steel which are known to not leach anything into their contents. Everyone in our family has a stainless steel water bottle, and we’re also big fans of glass containers for corralling lunches and leftovers. We don’t use any plastic tableware either, and we also say no to single-use plastics as much as possible. My advice: Do what you can! Don’t make yourself crazy, and choose the battles you feel most passionate about.

What are your concerns about plastic? What plastic alternatives do you use at home—and also, what do you just let go of? Let us know on Twitter!

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The views and opinions expressed in any guest post featured on our site are those of the guest author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions and views of Tom’s of Maine.

The “BPA-free” labels on plastic bottles serve as a reassurance that the product is safe to drink out of.

But new research adds onto growing evidence that BPA-free alternatives may not be as safe as consumers think. Researchers found that in mice, BPA replacements caused decreased sperm counts and less-viable eggs. These effects were then passed on to next generations, scientists reported yesterday (Sept. 13) in the journal Current Biology.

Though this research was done on mice, the researchers think the results could hold true for humans. But more research would be needed to confirm.

BPA, which stands for Bisphenol A, is a chemical that has been used in food and beverage packaging since the 1960s, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Specifically, it is used to make a hard, clear plastic called polycarbonate that found in the protective lining on some metal food and drink cans.

The chemical gets into food and beverages from the containers — especially if the plastic is old or damaged (which can happen, for example, by microwaving it).

In fact, the chemical was so widespread that the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found detectable levels of BPA in 93 percent of over 2,500 urine samples taken in the U.S.

Though there is growing evidence that BPA can cause harm to humans, experts are not certain how exactly BPA affects the body, nor do they know the levels at which the chemical becomes harmful, according to a previous Live Science report. The FDA’s current consensus is that “BPA is safe at the current levels occurring in foods,” according to its website.

But there is some concern that BPA can mimic the hormone estrogen and could thus disrupt the natural hormonal system in the body, according to the Live Science report.

Though the FDA currently only bans the chemical in baby bottles, sippy cups and infant formula packaging, growing public concern and pressure has, throughout the years, led to an influx of “BPA-free” products on the market.

In those products, alternative chemicals are used to replace the function of BPA. And “there’s growing evidence that many of these common replacements are not safe,” senior author Patricia Hunt, a professor in the School of Molecular Biosciences at Washington State University, said in a statement.

BPA-alternatives may not be that different

In the new study, Hunt and her team were actually trying to determine what the effects of BPA were on the reproduction of mice, when they noticed something weird, according to an article in National Geographic.

The mice, all in BPA-free plastic cages, were divided into two groups. One group received BPA through a dropper, while the other group did not. The group that didn’t receive the BPA was supposed to be a control — but then the control mice started to show genetic changes similar to the mice receiving BPA.

They found that the control group was being exposed to the BPA alternative, bisphenol S or BPS from damaged cages. These chemicals were altering their chromosomes— or thread-like structures that contain genes — and leading to problems with egg and sperm production, according to the study.

So they conducted follow-up tests, purposefully exposing the mice to these alternatives, such as BPF, BPS and BPAF. They found similar results. Both sexes had problems properly recombining DNA — the process of forming new chromosomes by combining bits and pieces of genetic material from both parents — to produce sperm and eggs. These changes could lead to less viable sperm and abnormal eggs, according to the statement.

They further found that these alterations can be passed down from generation to generation — and if they completely eliminated all BPA and alternatives, the effects would continue for three generations.

The same team, 20 years ago, found that BPA itself damages egg chromosomes, according to the statement.

The problem might be that the alternatives aren’t much different than BPA itself — all the new versions have the basic chemical structure, with only slight differences from BPA.

Johanna Rochester, a senior scientist at the nonprofit The Endocrine Disruption Exchange, who was not part of the research, told National Geographic that the world should be moving away from BPA alternatives. “We don’t really want to wait another 20 years for all these human studies to show that there is a problem,” she said.

BPA or BPA-alternative, “plastic products that show physical signs of damage or aging cannot be considered safe,” Hunt said in another statement.

Originally published on Live Science.

In addition to buying non-toxic baby bottles, you may need some of these additional products when bottle-feeding.

Bottle Drying Racks

Munchkin High Capacity Drying RackBuy NowOXO Tot Bottle Drying RackBuy Now


If you’ll be hand-washing bottle and breast pump parts (hint: you will be), you’ll want to have a bottle drying rack on hand — or a good dish rack. This is one category of baby products that hasn’t yet been perfected, so the options are pretty limited and unfortunately leave much to be desired. (The Boon grass-like drying rack is very popular but is poorly designed – it’s a breeding ground for bacteria and gunk, so I strongly recommend against this popular choice.)

Consider the Munchkin High Capacity Drying Rack, which can store up to 16 bottles and gets good reviews for being sturdy, having a handy drain and flexible prongs, and being able to store many bottles and parts at the same time.

Parents also love the Munchkin Sprout Drying Rack, which can hold up to 12 bottles, rotates, and has a drip tray at the bottom.

OXO’s Tot Bottle and Accessories Drying Rack gets great reviews for its convenient design and sturdiness. OXO also makes a travel version of the drying rack that we like to take along with us for family trips.

Bottle Warmers

Born Free Tru-Temp Bottle WarmerBuy Now

Most babies prefer their milk or formula warm, so you may want to have a bottle warmer on hand. You can also run a bottle under warm water to heat up the milk, but the advantage of using a bottle warmer is that you can multitask — just insert the bottle, turn the warmer on, and come back in a few minutes to a warm bottle. It mostly comes down to preference. My husband preferred to warm bottles in the sink, while I preferred the warmer.

We chose the Born Free Bottle Warmer and Cooler, and were quite happy with it. You have to fill it with water every day or two, choose the right heating settings based on the type of bottle (glass or plastic, but please don’t use plastic bottles) and the volume of milk, and it will warm up a bottle within 2-3 minutes. It also has a cooler and ice pack for keeping bottles cool overnight, which is nice if you are bottle-feeding at night because it saves you a trip to the kitchen.


Baby Bottle Brushes

Dr. Brown’s Bottle BrushBuy Now

One item that many new parents forget to purchase is a bottle brush. While it’s important to sanitize your bottles before their first use, this isn’t necessary on a daily basis (unless medically advised), so you’ll want to have some bottle brushes on hand to help you keep your baby’s bottles clean. I prefer one that will stand on its own with a suction cup, and Dr. Brown’s Bottle Brush is a good option for most bottles, and so is the Munchkin Bristle Bottle Brush, although it may not fit all bottles. The Munchkin brush is dishwasher safe, so that makes it a big win in my book! Both options come with a smaller brush for cleaning nipples, straws, and breast pump parts, but I would also recommend having the Munchkin Cleaning Brush Set on hand, too.


Bottle Sanitizers

This is one piece of baby equipment that you can skip. When you sanitize bottles and pacifiers, all you need to do is throw them in some boiling water on the stove for 3-5 minutes (follow the manufacturer’s recommendation). Glass bottles can also be sterilized in the dishwasher. There’s really no need to purchase additional equipment unless your pediatrician has recommended sterilizing baby’s bottles before each use for medical reasons, in which case you might need the extra equipment. Just make sure to avoid any sterilization techniques that involve your microwave, as it is not only unsafe to heat plastic in the microwave, it’s best to avoid microwave use and exposure whenever possible.

Instead, consider the Philips AVENT 3-in-1 Electric Steam Sterilizer, which runs at a higher temperature than dishwashers, works in 6 minutes, has an automatic shut-off, and keeps items sterilize for up to 24 hours if the lid remains unopened. Alternatively, the Wabi Baby Electric Steam Sterilizer and Dryer also includes a hot air drying feature, so you don’t have to air-dry your sterilized parts on a drying rack (which defeats the point of sterilization). This could be a great feature for parents with babies that need extra care and attention for medical reasons. Please be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning your sterilizer.







Founder and CEO | The Gentle Nursery

Mom of two boys. Wife. Daughter of an integrative OBGYN.

After learning about the toxic chemicals found in mainstream baby products, I created The Gentle Nursery to help other parents make healthy choices for their babies. With a 10-year background in research, analytics, and leadership for a Fortune 100 company, I apply the same principles and attention to detail to every article I write. I consult with an amazing team of moms, medical professionals, chemists, and other experts to ensure accuracy.

My driving mission is to help reduce the rates of disorder, disease, and trauma in mothers and children and to inspire others to lead a healthier, happier, and non-toxic life. I am a graduate of the University of Southern California and have studied newborn baby care at the University of Colorado. Read more >

The Best BPA Free Baby Bottle

Every parent wants to ensure that their baby is taken care of properly. Usually, this means ensuring that their food is natural, their toys are free of small parts that could cause choking, and their bottles are free of BPA. However, there are several different brands of these BPA-free baby bottles on the market, which can make your decision quite arduous. Before you purchase your first BPA-free baby bottle, there are a few things you should consider before making this final purchase. Things like the design, the color, and the features can make a difference in which bottle brand you decide to purchase. Below are a few things to consider when making this decision on which BPA free bottle brand to purchase for your little ones.


Perhaps the first thing you should consider is the design. Since there are different bottle designs, you will know which design your little one typically drinks from. Angled or straight, there are BPA-free bottles of each design. When considering the design, you should consider your child’s digestive tract. Since straight bottles can sometimes cause more gas in little bellies, you might be more prone to buying angled bottles.

There are other design features to look at when purchasing these BPA free bottles as well. Are you in search of a silicon bottle, a glass bottle, or a hard plastic bottle? Whatever you are searching for, there are many different BPA free options that will fit your design needs. However, these different material types will be looked at later on the in buying the guide in more detail and with examples to help you understand the differences.

You should always look at the different designs of the bottle itself, but you should always look at the design of the nipples as well. Since infants sometimes struggle to drink from a bottle, you might be more apt to purchase bottle nipples that feel like the real deal. There are different BPA-free options for this as well. If you are looking to slow or speed up the flow of the breastmilk or formula, there are different BPA free bottle nipples for this as well. All of these design options should be considered before moving on to the next part of the decision process.


Now that you have chosen your ideal design for the BPA free bottle, you can begin considering the size of the bottle. Bottles often come in different sizes for various ages of babies, from infants to toddlers. You should begin searching for size by considering the age of your baby. The age of your little one will determine how many ounces they typically drink in each bottle. The number of ounces can also determine the size of the bottle. If you are looking for a low ounce bottle or a high ounce bottle, you can find each of the BPA free bottle kinds.

There are also different size options that you might not consider. Some BPA-free bottles are made short and fat, while others are made tall and skinny. After you have decided on the proper ounce size, you should next consider the bottle size itself. You can choose to have a skinnier bottle or a fatter bottle. These size considerations often work with the bottle nipples to either speed up or slow down the flow of breastmilk or formula for your little one.

The size of the nipples is another thing you can consider. Several of the BPA free bottles offer different sized nipples to go with their bottles. Some are shorter, and some are longer. This part of the decision process truly depends on what your baby prefers. Since they are the ones drinking from the bottle, it might take a little trial and error to get the bottle nipple size down pat.


Choosing a color of the bottle isn’t quite as important as the design and size. However, choosing the color might be important to your choice as well. If you have a girl, you probably don’t want her drinking from a blue bottle. For some people, the color just doesn’t matter, but in this case, you can pretend that color is something to consider when purchasing a BPA free bottle.

Many of the BPA-free baby bottles come in a wide variety of colors. Since some parents choose to buy a variety of colors, this can also be a great thing. If you enjoy having many different colored bottles, you don’t have to worry because you can buy multiple colors of the same bottle. Some parents choose to purchase only white bottles, and luckily, there are many BPA free bottle options that only come in white as well.

A good example from the product list above would be the GoGlass Glass Baby Bottle. This BPA-free baby bottle option is a glass bottle that comes with a colored silicon cover. This bottle comes with a mint green silicon cover, which is a unique color for baby bottles. However, this bottle is extremely popular not only for its features but its color as well. The color is completely your choice, and it is an optional guideline for purchasing a BPA free bottle.

Notable Features

You can make a BPA-free bottle purchase after considering the factors above, but you shouldn’t stop with those things. There are a few notable features that you can consider before purchasing your first BPA-free baby bottle. These features will be highlighted in a few examples from the list of products above. Some of the features to consider would be the materials and the durability of the bottles.

Before purchasing a BPA free bottle, you should think of the different material types. Some parents choose to use only plastic bottles because they are easier to grip. While some BPA free bottles are made from a hard plastic like material, most are made from glass. Consider the Philips Avent Natural Glass Bottle. This bottle is made from solid glass that keeps the breastmilk or formula at a normal temperature, and it is surprisingly easy to grip. The GoGlass Glass bottle comes with a silicon cover to help with gripping the bottle as well.

Not only do the materials aid in the grip, but they also play a part in the durability as well. Several of the BPA-free baby bottles are made from a hard material that is shatterproof, like the Evenflo Feeding Classic Twist Clear Bottles. Some are made from a silicon material that is both easy to grip and extremely durable to dropping, heat, or cold like the Flipsi Baby Natural Feeding Silicone Bottle. You should consider all the materials and the durability of the bottle that best fits your lifestyle before making a final purchase.


With all of the ways you can help keep your children healthy, you might a bit overwhelmed. Gluten-free, organic, natural, and more might be causing your head to spin. When you throw BPA free bottles into the mix, it might seem impossible to find the best materials and food for your sweet babies. You shouldn’t let the idea overwhelm you.

It’s always a great idea to give your little ones the best materials you can. BPA free baby bottles are one such option that can keep your baby healthy and help prevent any stomach issues in the future. Since there are multiple different BPA-free baby bottle brands on the market today, there are a few things you should consider before making that final purchase. In the buying guide above, you can find the designs, sizes, features, and colors that can help when making your decision.

Comotomo – Bottles

Top Rated BPA Free Baby Bottles

If you’re looking into finding the best rated bpa free baby bottle, you should probable check out the Comotomo – Bottles. We looked at various sources of reviews and found this one to have the best mix between review count and average rating stars.

Lifefactory 4-Ounce Glass Bottle

Lowest Price

Often, going for the best price is a simple but good option. With a price of $14.94 (last checked on February 1, 2020), we do not list any other bpa free baby bottle cheaper than the Lifefactory 4-Ounce Glass Bottle. Just remember that it’s not always the best option to go for the cheapest one.

Tommee Tippee Closer to Nature Bottle

The BPA Free Baby Bottle with the Most Reviews

With at least 948 reviews and counting, the Tommee Tippee Closer to Nature Bottle might be another option to consider. This large amount of reviews signalizes that many people are using it, with most of them beeing satisfied.

AmazonUs/COMMZ Comotomo Bottle

High Class

It’s quite rare that the saying “You get what you pay for” turns out incorrect. If you have the money on the sideline, feel free to choose the most expensive item from our list: The AmazonUs/COMMZ Comotomo Bottle currently sells for $59.99.

Most Clicked BPA Free Baby Bottle

If you trust us and our users, feel free to check out the Tommee Tippee Closer to Nature Bottle. Our statistics say that it is the most favorite BPA Free Baby Bottle from the list above.


If you’re still undecided, I would recommend that you go with the masses and choose the top selling bpa free baby bottle: The Tommee Tippee Closer to Nature Bottle for currently View on Amazon (last checked on February 1, 2020).

That’s it for now, please remember that this list is updated on a regular basis.

All bottle-feeding moms want the best non-toxic baby bottles for their babies, whether the bottles are is filled with breastmilk or formula or even water. Here’s how to make sure you’re using truly non-toxic baby bottles.

1. Avoid Plastic Baby Bottles (including “BPA-free” ones!)

Plastic bottles are tempting—they are inexpensive, readily available, lightweight, and hard to break. But plastic leeches chemicals, some of which are known endocrine disruptors (hello, BPA!).

Don’t be fooled by “BPA-free” labels. BPA-free plastics that contain BPA substitutes like BPS are possibly just as bad, if not worse. Bottom line: If you want non-toxic baby bottles, you’ll never be buying any kind of plastic.

2. Choose Glass or Stainless Steel Baby Bottles

The safest baby bottle material is probably glass. Glass bottles won’t leech anything into milk or formula. Whenever possible, choose glass for breast milk storage, too.

Food-grade stainless steel is a close second to glass. Stainless steel bottles are lighter and less breakable than glass. We love Pura Kiki infant bottles because they are totally plastic-free, come in two sizes (5 oz and 11 oz), are available insulated and non-insulated, and can be converted into bottles for toddlers, kids, and adults.

3. Silicone Baby Bottles Are Okay

Silicone baby bottles are better than plastic, but probably not as safe as glass or stainless steel; research on the safety of silicone is relatively limited. We do know that silicone may leech at very low and high temperatures, so you might consider skipping silicone bottles for hot liquids and avoid putting them in the freezer. I like the Comotomo Natural Feel silicone bottle. (Note: (These silicone bags are better than storing breast milk in plastic.)

4. Don’t Forget the Nipples

Food-grade silicone is probably the safest, most durable and hygienic material for baby bottle nipples. A close second is natural rubber nipples from a credible company like Hevea or Natursutten. Definitely skip synthetic latex nipples (like these by Gerber), which can contain a number of concerning additives.

Because my babies rarely drank from bottles, I can’t recommend a favorite in terms of efficacy. That’s why I need you guys to comment below on your favorites glass, stainless steel, and silicone baby bottles and nipples–please do so below!

Stay sane,

If you breastfeed and never plan to use a pump, congrats! You won’t need to worry about picking out just the right baby bottle because–tag—you’re it! You’ve got two boob-bottles ready to go, thanks to Mother Nature. But if you pump or use infant formula at least some of the time, bonafide baby bottles are a must, of course.

In the bottle aisle, your options include plastic, glass, stainless steel and silicone. Which baby bottle is best? To answer that question, read on.

Plastic bottles: What is “EA-free”?

Plastic baby bottles dominate the market, so we’ll start there. They’re typically the best deal. You can buy an 8-ounce plastic baby bottle for around $4. Pros: Plastic BPA-free baby bottles can be relatively inexpensive, lightweight and virtually indestructible.

As you may know, all plastic baby bottles (and sippy cups) sold in the U.S. must be free of BPA, an endocrine-distrupting chemical in plastic that can leach into breast milk, formula and other beverages and into your baby. Structurally, BPA is so similar to natural estrogen that, like a knock-off pair of sunglasses, it can fake the body out. A synthetic chemical like BPA can mimic or block actions of natural estrogens in the body and disrupt the body’s endocrine system, which regulates the body’s hormones.

BPA and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals (there are more than 100) can bind to estrogen receptors on cells and interfere with normal hormone activity to potentially affect your baby’s health.

The studies are still rolling in but so far, BPA has been linked to thyroid and prostate cancer, obesity, diabetes, heart arrhythmias (fluttering), ADHD and autism.

“Developing fetuses and children early in life are susceptible to very low doses of endocrine-disrupting chemicals,” says Deborah Kurrasch, PhD, of the Kurrasch Lab in the department of medical genetics at the Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute. “But as we get older, it’s less of a concern.”

Should you just buy a BPA-free plastic baby bottle and call it a day? Nuh uh. Not so fast.

Swapping BPA for BPS

BPA is no longer in plastic baby bottles (and sippy cups) sold in the U.S, (Whew!). But we’re not out of the woods, Dr. Kurrasch says. That’s because baby bottle manufacturers can legally substitute other endocrine-disrupting chemicals for BPA, including BPA’s close cousin, bisphenol S (BPS).

And guess what? BPS is also an endocrine disrupter. A recent study in Environmental Health Perspectives found BPS to be as hormonally disruptive as BPA.

Another study, this one in Environmental Health, which tested BPA-free plastic baby bottles, found that most of the BPA-free bottles tested leached endocrine-disrupting chemicals. All told, “BPA-free doesn’t mean BPS-free or endocrine-disrupting free,” Dr. Kurrasch says.

Bottomline: BPA-free bottles can release chemicals, such as BPS, which act like estrogen in the body. Both male and female babies produce estrogen. It plays a critical role in the development of the brain, mammary glands and testes.

Better Plastic Baby Bottle Brands

Fortunately, there’s a brand of plastic bottle on the market that’s been quietly estrogenic activity free: Mimijumi. Manufactured in Austria, Mimijumi bottles are made from Swiss polyamide plastic to ensure a toxin free feeding experience without BPA, lead or other contaminants. Mimijumi representatives confirmed that Mimijumi bottles are free of 564 EA-causing chemicals, as per European standards.

Mimijumi bottles.

To avoid bottles with EA, try Mimijumi bottles. Here’s what you else you can to do to buy a bottle that doesn’t leach chemicals with hormonal activity—or that leaches as little as possible.

  1. Go with Glass Baby Bottles

Dr. Kurrash recommends using glass baby bottles. “Glass is best because there is nothing to leach,” she says. More pluses: Glass isn’t porous so it doesn’t give off an odor and won’t affect flavor. Glass baby bottles are 100 percent recyclable. But glass baby bottles aren’t perfect.


Gripability. Glass bottles are heavier for you and your baby to hold than plastic, stainless steel and silicone bottles are. Consider: A plastic BornFree Eco Deco (green) 9-ounce bottle weighs just 2.4 ounces. A Klean Kanteen 9 oz stainless steel bottles weighs in at 5.6 ounces as does an 8 oz Comotomo Natural Feel (silicone) baby bottle. A glass (wide neck) BornFree 9-ounce bottle weighs in at 10.4 ounces, which is more than two iPhone 6s combined. For your baby, that’s a mini workout. A 4-ounce bottle is lighter, of course.

Durability. Glass baby bottles can last from baby to baby, unless, of course, the glass bottle breaks. Fortunately, there’s a silicone protective sleeve for most types of glass baby bottles that helps you and your baby grip the bottle. It can make a fun style statement too.

Note: At least two brands of glass baby bottles, Philips Avent and LifeFactory, use pharmacy-grade glass for their glass baby bottles. That means, if you drop those bottles, the glass shatters within itself.

Glass Baby Bottle Options

Glass is a niche category. Still, several baby bottle manufacturers make a glass version of their bottle.

  1. Pick a baby bottle with healthier plastic

Besides Mimijumi bottles, which feature plastic that’s free of estrogenic activity (EA), other plastics that look promising include:

Polyethersulphone (PES). One study, in Food Additives & Contaminants, found that PES plastic baby bottles released a low amount of migrating chemicals. Keep in mind, however, that that’s no guarantee that a PES bottle you buy won’t release EA chemicals because additives with EA may be used in manufacturing. But a PES bottle may at least reduce the overall amount of endocrine-disrupting chemicals your baby is exposed to.

Examples of Bottles Made from PES Plastic:

It’s also possible to make baby bottles from three other types of plastic: cyclic olefin copolymer (COC), cycle olefin polymer (COP) or glycol-modified polyethylene terephthalate (PETG), using resins and other additives that are free of detectable EA.

There’s a good chance that lots of plastic baby bottles are on the market right now that are EA-free (besides Mimijumi), but their manufacturers don’t realize it because they haven’t tested them for estrogenic activity.

3. Try a Stainless Steel Bottle

Stainless steel baby bottles are another option. Stainless steel is safe to use/free of EA because it’s not plastic.

Cons: But because stainless steel is opaque, you can’t see how much formula or breast milk is in a stainless steel bottle. Another potential downside: Some parents attest that stainless steel can affect the taste of breast milk or formula.

What About Silicone Bottles?

Silicone baby bottles are made from silica, a component of sand, and silicone is EA-free. Like plastic, silicone baby bottles are virtually unbreakable. Still, George D. Bittner, Ph.D., a professor of neurobiology at the University of Texas-Austin and an environmental researcher cautions against silicone. “In our tests, silicone is more problematic than plastic not because of the silicone itself, but the additives. Silicone bottles glow in the dark,” he says. In one study, a silicone baby bottle that was tested released a high amount of migrating compounds, some of which weren’t approved by the European Union for contact with food.

What does this all boil down to?

Here’s a recap:

–BPA-free means a baby bottle is free of one endocrine-disrupting chemical, BPA, which has been the most studied.

–BPA-free plastic bottles can give off other chemicals, such as BPS, which can mess with your baby’s estrogen and other hormone levels.

–Prediction: EA-free bottles will be the new BPA-free. Manufacturers will join Mimijumi and get on the EA-free bandwagon, especially if consumers demand it.

Until then, to avoid hormone-disrupting chemicals, try a glass, stainless steel bottle, potentially healthier plastic or EA-free baby bottles.
There’s one baby plastic baby bottle that’s EA-free right now, for sure: Mimijumi.

Basic Bottles Dos and Don’ts

There’s so much more to say about this topic. But I’m going to end this marathon post with some basic EA-free(ish) baby bottle dos and don’ts, to keep endocrine-disrupting chemicals at a minimum:

DON’T–use soap. No matter which type of bottle you choose, it’s possible that the dishwashing detergent you use to clean baby bottles can leave a residue that has EA. To avoid EA, wash glass bottles in hot water but without soap, Dr. Bittner advises. But go ahead wash by hand, in the top rack of the dishwasher or boiled (but boiling isn’t necessary).

DO—let your baby is the judge. The bottle you choose is important, but sometimes it’s the nipple that makes the difference to your baby. Experiment with a glass, stainless or EA-free(ish) nipple/bottle combo until you find one your baby likes. Even Mimijumi admits on their home page that “97% of babies love our bottles.” That means 3 percent prefer something else.

DO—throw out all plastic baby bottles that are scratched or damaged ASAP, even those that are EA-free. An intact plastic baby bottle isn’t the same as one that’s worn or scratched. Germs can set up shop in the tiny crevices to potentially infect your baby. Ruffed up plastic can release EA chemicals too.

DON’T—leave your baby bottle out in the sun or in your car in the sun (you get the idea). Ultraviolet light from the sun can cause plastic to breakdown and leach chemicals with EA. This goes for any plastic baby bottle, including the Mimijumi.

DO–cut down on your own plastic use, especially if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals like BPS can cross the placenta to your baby and migrate into breast milk.

“Mom should be more careful about what she’s exposed to and what baby is exposed to,” Dr. Kurrasch says. In addition to baby bottles, food containers can leach chemicals having EA. In her own house, Dr. Kurrasch keeps everything in glass. Store food, including baby food, in glass rather than plastic containers. Dr. Kurrasch makes her kids take glass water bottles to soccer practice too.

There are lots of glass water bottles on the market, but water bottles made with borosilicate glass, such as the Kablo glass water bottle, are preferred because they’re more durable. Here’s more about what is borosilicate glass and why it’s better.

Borosilicate glass is made from 15 percent boron trioxide, which is a magical ingredient that makes glass resistant to cracking under extreme temperature changes, such as going from freezer to hot water at the faucet, like regular glass can. Boron trioxide won’t leach into food and beverages. (Kablo first-timers get 10% off their first purchase.)

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Copyright Sandra Gordon Writing Resources LLC

Updated May 2018

BPA-free bottles – what’s it all about?

BPA stands for bisphenol A, a substance which is included in all polycarbonate products, like baby bottles, made for everyday use around the home.


Why am I hearing about BPA?

Recent health scares, concerning polycarbonate baby bottles containing bisphenol-A, centre around a report produced in the USA which claims that long-term exposure to BPA could result in health and developmental implications for infants and children. The concern is that, in preparing a bottle by heating to a high temperature in a steriliser and/or microwave, babies could ingest a small quantity of BPA, which leaches out of polycarbonate bottles more easily if they have been heated to a high temperature.

Should I be worried?

There is, as yet, no long term research or evidence to support a major health scare, and the latest report from the US National Institutes for Health puts their alert level mid-way between low and high, and advises ‘some concern’.

What should I do if I’m worried?

The current advice for concerned parents who are bottle feeding, is to either switch to glass bottles, OR use a hot water-filled jug or bottle warmer to heat existing polycarbonate bottles, OR to switch to one of the many BPA-free bottles and cups now available in the UK.

Where can I get BPA-free bottles?

Most of the leading bottle and cup manufacturers, including Tommee Tippee, Philips Avent, MAM, Medela, Mothercare and NUK offer BPA-free bottles and cups, which are available from most leading supermarkets, and independent pharmacies. Further information on their BPA-free ranges can be obtained from their websites.

To read more of the US National Institutes for Health report on BPA,


Read more…

  • You favourite anti-colic bottles
  • Buyer’s guide to bottles and teats
  • 5 baby safety rules that can genuinely save lives

Best Bottles of 2020

Whether you’re nursing or using a bottle, nestling your baby in the crook of your arm for a feeding is one of the best bonding moments in parenthood.

Of course, if your little one is taking some or all of their meals from a bottle, you’ll want to be sure to select the right bottle brand for you―one that won’t interrupt those peaceful moments with leaking, air bubbles or collapsing nipples.

Bottles in this guide:

  • Babylist Bottle Box
  • Dr. Brown’s
  • Tommee Tippee
  • Comotomo
  • Medela
  • Philips Avent
  • Munchkin Latch
  • MAM
  • Nanobebe
  • NUK
  • Joovy

Do You Need Bottles?

Yes, most families do use bottles. If you feed your baby formula, you will need to use bottles. You’ll also need to use them if you plan to return to work within your baby’s first year and need a way for others to feed your child with expressed breast milk or formula. Even if you plan to be home and exclusively breastfeed, you might find that letting other family members feed your baby a bottle of pumped breast milk is a win-win—they nab a special moment with your little one and you get a breather.

How Many Bottles Do I Need?

If you’re exclusively bottle feeding, you’re going to want around 6 to 8 bottles on hand, so you can have some of them ready to go, while you’re washing and sterilizing others. If you’ll be using bottles occasionally, it’s good to have 3 to 4 bottles.

What Types of Bottles are There?

Bottles typically come in these materials:

  • Glass: Sturdy and long-lasting but also heavy, and typically more expensive than other models and can shatter easily.
  • Plastic: Polypropylene, the hard plastic typically used in bottles, is lightweight and virtually unbreakable, but can wear out faster. After health concerns around plastics were brought to light, plastic bottles are now required to be free of a chemical called bisphenol A (BPA). So while any bottle currently on the market should be BPA-free, it’s best to pass on any hand-me-downs from before 2012.

Most bottle brands offer several nipple nipple sizes, each of which provides a different rate of milk flow.

  • Newborn and slow flow nipples are designed for newborns and younger babies and provide a slower flow of milk or formula so baby won’t gulp too much, too fast.
  • Faster flow nipples are designed for older babies who have bigger swallows and can handle a faster flow of liquid.

Most bottles come in two sizes:

  • Smaller-sized bottles, usually around 4 oz, are geared toward newborns who eat less.
  • Larger bottles, usually around 8 oz, are for older babies who eat more.

In terms of sizes, you can choose to buy a few each of smaller and larger bottles, or you can buy big from the get go and only fill the larger bottles halfway during baby’s first months. As a benchmark, newborns may eat as little as an ounce or two every meal, while babies around six months old may eat six to eight ounces at a feeding.

When deciding which bottles to add to your registry, keep in mind that it’s tough to anticipate what type of bottle your baby will prefer. We recommend adding either one brand’s starter kit or a sample box to your registry first, then waiting to see which one your baby likes best.

When Do You Need Bottles?

You can start using bottles from day one. If you’re breastfeeding, you may choose to wait to introduce a bottle until baby has gotten the hang of nursing, usually around four weeks in or so.

Babies usually use bottles until at least one year old. (That’s a lot of bottles to clean! Here’s how to sterilize them.) That’s when the American Academy of Pediatrics says it’s OK to transition your little one from breast milk or formula over to cow’s milk. However, many breastfeeding moms continue to nurse well into the second year. Also, you’ll likely want to introduce your child to straw or sippy cups, used to transition kids from bottles to regular cups, between one and two years of age.

How We Chose Our Best Bottles

We asked thousands of real Babylist families about the baby products they love the most and then took the top bottles they shared with us and added our own research and insight. We think you and your little one will love at least one of these bottles too.

Do you think this content is helpful? Let our editors know!

The Bottle Box

The Babylist Bottle Box offers a great solution to the feedback we often hear from our community—that new parents tend to register for or buy a whole set of bottles only to realize they aren’t the right fit. This box lets baby and you try out a variety of bottle shapes and styles to see which ones your family prefers, before you commit to buying multiples of one bottle. The box features five popular bottles. This also makes a great baby shower or new parent gift (there’s also a box with a $25 Babylist gift card).

Fuss Buster

Why We Love It

Dr. Brown’s bottles are known for their patented venting system, which mimics breastfeeding by preventing air bubbles and reducing burping, gas, spit-up and even colic. This vacuum-free effect also preserves the nutrients in milk and formula. This popular starter set includes a selection of bottles, nipples, caps, and cleaning brushes. Not into plastic? Dr. Brown’s makes great glass bottles, too.

Keep in Mind

The venting system means there are more parts to wash and tiny crevices to clean.

What Babylist Parents Say

“Great for reducing spit up and reflux” -Jean B.

“The only bottles I’ve found that my son likes and don’t seem to give him extra gas! Lifesaver.” -Allyson M.

Additional Specs

Curvy Comfort

Tommee Tippee bottles are designed to mimic the shape and movement of a woman’s breast. The soft silicone nipple gently flexes during feeding sessions, so a breastfed baby will be able to latch on naturally, and the curvy design creates a comfortable grasp for babies (and parents). The wide width and minimal parts make cleaning a cinch.

Liquid can get trapped in the curves as your baby is finishing up the bottle. And if you don’t properly insert the nipple into the lid, leakage can occur.

“Love that they are small and wide. Baby loves the nipple. Fits comfortably in your hand.” -C.B.

“Tommee bottles are seriously easy to clean. The nipple is very breast like, and our baby didn’t have trouble with the transition.” -B.T.

Simple and Squeezable

Transitioning from breast to bottle can take a lot of trial and error, but thanks to the naturally wide nipple and soft silicone base of Comotomo bottles, you can minimize the stress. These squeezable bottles are designed to mimic mom’s breast and milk flow. They also have the fewest parts of almost any bottle on the market, which means they’re beyond easy to clean.

Due to the flexible shape, the bottle tips over if you’re not careful when filling it. The volume measurements can also be hard to read through the frosted silicone.

“I love using Comotomo, and our son took it right away. The shape and size of the nipple is perfect, it’s so easy to clean and I like that the silicone has a little grip to it.” -Jessica M.

“Like the wide bottle for easy cleaning, simple design is great! Soft silicone is good for picky bottle babies like my son.” -Danielle P.

Available Sizes 5 oz, 8 oz
Available Materials Silicone
Available Nipple Types 5 oz comes with Slow Flow nipples for newborns, 8 oz comes with Medium Flow for babies 3 mos+, Faster Flow nipples available separately

Pump and Feed

Using a Medela pump? The brand’s storage containers do triple duty: you pump directly into them, store your milk and then screw on the nipple to use them as a bottle. Better yet, there are no internal parts to connect or clean.

Although these bottles are made without BPA, some parents wish there was a glass option.

“They never broke or warped. No random parts. Just the bottle and the nipple.” -M.G.

“Really nice to use the bottles that work with my pump. Keeps things simple.” -Mandy H.

Available Sizes 5 oz, 8 oz
Available Materials Polypropylene
Available Nipple Types Wide-base slow flow (0-4 months), Wide-base medium flow (4-12 months), “Calma” vented nipple (one size)

Natural Nipples

Philips Avent Natural bottles feature wide, flexible nipples with a petal design, which prevents nipple collapse and helps promote a natural latch. The bottles have an advanced anti-colic system but only a few parts, making them easy to clean, and the bottle shape is just right for tiny hands to hold. The starter pack comes with five bottles, two sets of nipples, two pacifiers and a bottle brush.

Parents love the range of nipple flow options, but some find that even the slowest flow comes out too fast.

“Super easy for the baby to use the Avent bottle. She has no problem switching between breast and bottle.” -E.H.

Smart and Stylish

With lots of fun designs to choose from, MAM Anti Colic bottles are as stylish as they are smart. Featuring a soft, textured nipple with a flat shape that fits perfectly in baby’s mouth and a vented base for smooth milk flow, these bottles make the breast to bottle transition seamless.

Meet the first self-sterilizing bottle! Simply screw off the base and fill it with water, insert the nipple and screw it back in, then heat the bottle in the microwave for three minutes. Genius!

“The self-sterlizing system is great!” -O.B.

“Accepted quickly by breastfed daughter. No issues going back and forth between breast and bottle feeding.” -V.M.

Available Sizes: 5 oz, 9 oz
Available Materials: Polypropylene
Available Nipple Types: Slow flow, Medium Flow, Fast Flow and Extra Fast Flow

Ready to Add Bottles to Your Registry?

With Babylist, you can add any item from any store onto ONE registry. Start your registry today and get a Hello Baby Box full of free (amazing!) goodies.

Innovative Design

Shaped like a breast, these design-forward bottles are the perfect mix of form and function. The unique concave shape spreads milk into a thin layer, which promotes quick and even warming and protects the nutrients in breast milk from damage. You can pump directly into the bottle, and they even stack one on top of another for efficient storage.

Some parents think it’s tough to see baby’s latch due to the bottle’s wide bottom.

“We like this bottle a lot. It is much easier to clean, and it’s the only bottle my baby will take.” -K.G.

Available Sizes 5 oz, 8 oz
Available Materials Polypropylene
Available Nipple Types Preemie & Newborn, Slow Flow

From Bottle to Breast

Transitioning from breast to bottle can be tricky for some newborns. Problem solved thanks to Munchkin Latch! The unique accordion-style nipple promotes a strong latch and allows your baby to better control the flow of milk, just like breastfeeding. The nipple even flexes as your baby moves, preventing air ingestion.

“The only one that allowed us to go back and forth from nursing to bottle.”

The shape of the bottom (where the anti-colic valve is located) can take a little more work to clean.

“Loved everything about this bottle, and this entire brand. We used the pacifier and the transition sippy cup as well. The nipples on the bottle are great, and the bottle was so easy for my baby to hold on his own.” -P.C.

Available Sizes 4 oz, 8 oz
Available Materials Polypropylene
Available Nipple Types Slow-flow nipples available in stages 1, 2, 3

Flow Like Mom

Nuk’s Simply Natural bottles have a flexible nipple with multiple holes, just like a breast, to help make for an easier transition from breast to bottle. And the wide neck makes inserting a bottle brush for cleaning quick and easy.

Nuk also has a line of bottles with colorful patterns and adorable designs.

“I love the Nuk Simply Natural. Easy to pack, clean and my baby liked it.” -Brianna H.

“I liked that it was affordable, had a variety of colors/styles and that I could swap different nipples if I needed to.” -M.P.

Available Sizes Nuk Bottle: 5 oz, 10 oz; Nuk Simply Natural: 5 oz, 9 oz
Available Materials Plastic
Available Nipple Types Slow Flow (Nuk Bottle and Simply Natural), Medium Flow (Nuk Bottle and Simply Natural), Fast Flow (Nuk Bottle and Simply Natural)

Glass Go-To

What We Love

Joovy Boob Glass Bottles are BPS, BPA, phthalate and lead free, with a one-piece venting system that fits easily into the bottle’s rim, keeping gas and colic at bay. There are five fun silicone sleeves that add a pop of color, help tiny hands get a good grasp and protect from breakage. These eco-friendly bottles can safely go from the freezer to boiling water too.

Another perk about going glass—bottles don’t change color after long periods of use or hold onto that sour milk smell.

“Baby takes the bottle well, with minimal gas. We got the glass bottles, and they warm and clean well!” -Wendy H.

Available Sizes 5 oz, 9 oz
Available Materials Glass, polypropylene, ultra-premium polyphenylsulfone
Available Nipple Types 5 flow rates starting with preemie, for newborns and breastfeeding babies, up to an X-cut for older babies and thicker fluids

Did you find this content helpful? Let our editors know!

Choosing What’s Right For You

There are numerous bottles on the market, and finding the right one for your little one may take more than one try. Having a few different brands or a starter pack on hand to test out when baby arrives are great ways to prepare for whatever baby may prefer.

And when your little one graduates from bottles to sippy cups, we have sippy cup recommendations and essential feeding tools too!

Dear EarthTalk: Is it true that some baby bottles contain chemicals that can cause health problems for babies? If so, how can I find alternatives that are safer?
— Amy Gorman, Berkeley, CA

No links connecting specific human illnesses to chemicals oozing out of baby bottles have been proven definitively. Nonetheless, many parents are heeding the call of scientists to switch to products with less risk. A 2008 report by American and Canadian environmental researchers entitled “Baby’s Toxic Bottle” found that plastic polycarbonate baby bottles leach dangerous levels of bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic chemical that mimics natural hormones and can send bodily processes into disarray, when heated.

All six of the leading brands of baby bottles tested—Avent, Disney/The First Years, Dr. Brown’s, Evenflo, Gerber and Playtex—leaked what researchers considered dangerous amounts of BPA. The report calls on major retailers selling these bottles‚ including Toys’R’Us, Babies’R’Us, CVS, Target, Walgreens and Wal-Mart, to switch to safer products.

According to the report, BPA is a developmental, neural and reproductive toxicant that mimics estrogen and can interfere with healthy growth and body function. Researchers cite numerous animal studies demonstrating that the chemical can damage reproductive, neurological and immune systems during critical stages of development. It has also been linked to breast cancer and to the early onset of puberty.

So what’s a concerned parent to do? Glass bottles are a tried-and-true chemical-free solution, and they are widely available, though very breakable. To the rescue are several companies making BPA-free plastic bottles (out of either PES/polyamide or polypropylene instead of polycarbonate). Some of the leaders are BornFree, thinkbaby, Green to Grow, Nuby, Momo Baby, Mother’s Milkmate and Medela’s. These brands are available at natural foods stores, directly from manufacturers, or from online vendors.

Most of the major brands selling BPA-containing bottles are now also offering or planning to offer BPA-free versions of their products. Consumers should read labels and packaging carefully to make sure that any product they are considering buying says unequivocally that it does not contain the chemical.

Unfortunately, switching to a BPA-free bottle is no guarantee the chemical won’t make its way into your baby’s bloodstream anyway. BPA is one of the 50 most-produced chemicals in the world. According to the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), it is used in everything from plastic water jugs labeled #7 to plastic take-out containers, baby bottles and canned food liners. It is so omnipresent that the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) has found that 95 percent of Americans have the chemical in their urine.

Also, nursing mothers—especially those who haven’t discarded their old BPA-containing Nalgene water bottles—may be passing the chemical along through their breast milk. And if that weren’t enough, BPA is also used in the lining of many metal liquid baby formula cans. The nonprofit Environmental Working Group (EWG) has posted email links to the consumer affairs offices of the major formula manufacturers so concerned parents can ask them to remove BPA from their product offerings and packaging.

What You Need To Know About Plastic Milk Bottles: PP, PES & PPSU?

Like most parents, we want our milk bottles to be safe and non-toxic; thus look for labels that say BPA free, PVC free and phthalate free. But that is not enough. We also want a milk bottle that is practical for everyday frequent use. This is where the composition of your baby’s bottle plays a part. There are 2 main categories of milk bottles: Glass & Plastic.

Note: Aside from bisphenol A (BPA), a common chemical most of us avoid, plastic is actually made up of a wide variety of chemical compounds such as phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) — all of which alter hormone production and activity in animals and humans. It would be dangerous to think that a milk bottle with a sticker that says ‘BPA free’ is good enough.


Glass milk bottles have been around for many years and should always be the first choice. Even at the highest boiling points, borosilicate glass material does not leach or release toxic chemicals and has excellent transparency. Glass milk bottles can last a lifetime if cleaned and stored properly. The downside of glass milk bottles is its weight. An average glass milk bottle can weight between 140g to 300g. Given that a newborn’s average weight is 3kg, one glass bottle makes up 10% of a baby’s entire being! Glass also makes cleaning tedious. You have to be careful not to break or crack the glass when washing with soapy water. Always have a good look at the bottle’s surface before use.

Glass feeding bottles would be my first choice. Unfortunately, it is not practical. I need a bottle that can withstand the occasional slip from the hand or knock around. It makes for one less thing to fret about when juggling a crying baby in one hand, and literally, everything else in the other.


While plastic feeding bottles seem more practical than glass bottles, not all plastics are equal. Have a closer look and you will find 3 kinds of plastic to choose from: PP, PES & PPSU. If the bottle does not indicate the type of plastic, assume it is PP by default.

The biggest problem with plastic bottles is leaching. Given that we sterilize our milk bottles frequently in temperatures that can burn skin off bones, the reality is plastic components do breakdown and harmful chemicals will release into the milk it comes in contact with. Some people even put their bottles and teats in a pot of boiling water. Our parents’ and grandparents’ generation did it. But recent study, published in Toxicology Letters and many others with similar findings, discovered that BPA from common plastic bottles releases 55 faster when placed in boiling water!

The good news is there are bad plastics and not-so-bad plastics.


PP (polypropylene) milk bottles are the most common kind of plastic feeding bottles. They are durable, flexible and economical. Used to manufacture household items, PP milk bottles are available in clear and color-tinted transparency (like those of sports water bottles). Though PP bottles can withstand heat of up to 120°C, they may lose transparency over time with frequent sterilization and exposure to boiling water. This is not a good sign as it indicates a chemical component breakdown of the bottle’s plastic makeup. For this reason, it is recommended to change your PP milk bottles once every 6 months or when you notice a change in the bottle’s texture.


PES (polyethersulphone) is a tougher and safer plastic than PP as it comes from a family of thermoplastic polymers – meaning it can withstand temperatures as high as 180°C without chemically breaking down. Again, if exposed to boiling water, PES plastics will start to disintegrate. PES bottles have a natural cloudy looking appearance or a honey-color tint. Again, it is advisable to change your PES milk bottles every 6 months.


PPSU (polyphenylsulfone) is the highest performing thermoplastic that gives better durability and heat tolerance than PP and PES. Not only can it withstand continuous exposure to heat and have extreme capability to absorb impact, PPSU plastic does not absorb odor or color. It is naturally BPA free. Due to its a high melting point of 208°C, PPSU plastics are commonly used in aerospace and medical devices that require repeat sterilization. PPSU milk bottles are significantly more expensive than PP and PES bottles, but if you are willing to spend on milk bottles that your baby uses 5-6 times a day every day, this makes for a worthy investment. Despite its supreme durability, it is advisable to change your PPSU milk bottles yearly.

We at Halomama.com selected a good range of BPA FREE baby bottles including PPSU baby bottles! 🙂

  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (200ml
  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (360ml
  • CHRISTMAS SPECIAL SALE – Simba PPSU Bottle 200ml + Simba Anti Colic Nipple 1pc
  • Simba PPSU Feeding Bottle Series
  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (200ml, 2pcs)
  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (270ml)
  • Pigeon SLIM NECK PPSU 160ML W PER. NPL (S)
  • Pigeon SLIM NECK PPSU 240ML W PER. NPL (M)
  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (270ml, 2pcs)
  • Simba PPSU Wide Neck Feeding Bottle (360ml, 2pcs)
  • UPIS PPSU New Feeding Bottle Green (Slow 300ml)/ Korean Brand/ High Recommend/ 100% Original
  • UPIS PPSU New Feeding Bottle Orange (New born nipple) 200ml/ Korea Best Seller
  • and Many More….

PPSU Starter Kit Set

Features 1.Quality selected FDA standard food grade material. 2.Premium PPSU material. 3.The heat resistance of the feeding bottle is up to 197C, BPA-Free. 4.Experimental evidence proves that the feeding bottle is bearable with 1000 times repeated steam sterilization. 5.Light bottle with high hardness, extra durable! 6.Printed with Germany imported lead-free ink, SGS non-toxic tested. 7.Equipped with cross hole mother’s touch anti-colic nipple.
Material Cap/Neck Cap:Polypropylene (-20℃~ +100℃) Bottle:Polyphenylene Sulfone (-20℃~ +197℃) Anti-colic Nipple:Silicone (-40℃~ +150℃) PPSU Feeding bottle:200ml x 2pcs , 270ml x 2pcs, Nipple x 1pc, Simba Thumb Shape pacifier x 1pc

Source from: Katjuju Baby

Posted on March 05, 2018 Share: Continue shopping

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WASHINGTON — The Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday that baby bottles and children’s drinking cups could no longer contain bisphenol A, or BPA, an estrogen-mimicking industrial chemical used in some plastic bottles and food packaging.

Manufacturers have already stopped using the chemical in baby bottles and sippy cups, and the F.D.A. said that its decision was a response to a request by the American Chemistry Council, the chemical industry’s main trade association, that rules allowing BPA in those products be phased out, in part to boost consumer confidence.

But the new prohibition does not apply more broadly to the use of BPA in other containers, said an F.D.A. spokesman, Steven Immergut. He said the decision did not amount to a reversal of the agency’s position on the chemical. The F.D.A. declared BPA safe in 2008, but began expressing concerns about possible health risks in 2010.

Michael Taylor, deputy commissioner for foods at the agency, said the decision simply codified what the industry was already doing based on the preference of consumers and did not reflect concerns about the safety of BPA in baby bottles or toddler’s cups.

BPA and Your Baby’s Bottle – The Basics

Expecting moms typically register for baby items based on what their friends (usually other moms) tell them “they MUST have.” Sharing space at the top of the list, along with the latest fun trends in newborn fashion, is often BPA-free Baby Bottles. One thing I’ve realized is that most new moms have no idea what BPA is, much less why they should avoid exposing their babies to it.

BPA stands for Bisphenol A.

It’s a synthetic chemical that is used in making plastics and can be present in many commercial products, including:

  • Baby bottles
  • Cell phones
  • Food containers
  • Laptops
  • and more

The Bad News

Bisphenol A has been shown to be harmful when ingested, particularly at an early age. When BPA is used in food and drink storage, it can leach from the plastic into food. Health problems arise in individuals who regularly consume this exposed food because it disrupts the normal functioning of the endocrine systems and has been linked with certain types of cancer.

While it is difficult to remove BPA-containing plastics from the home entirely, steps can still be taken to reduce exposure. Every step taken towards a BPA-free lifestyle is a positive one!

The list of health disorders currently linked to BPA can cause:

  • Cancers
  • Diabetes
  • Early onset of puberty in females
  • Hyperactivity
  • Obesity

You can learn more about related disorders at the Division of Endocrinology and Division of Hematology – Oncology at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles.

The Good News

At this time, BPA has not been found to be dangerous when used in commercial products like laptops and cell phones, so there’s no need to throw away every item that contains BPA. Infants and toddlers will occasionally place such commercial items containing BPA in their mouths, but an occasional cell phone containing BPA in the mouth is not cause for parents to be alarmed.

What Can Parents Do?

Use Glass

Another alternative to plastics and a trend during this time of BPA uncertainty is the use of glass products. Many families are using glass bottles and food storage containers just to be on the safe side.

Use BPA-Free Plastic Storage Containers

The FDA does not have conclusive studies to justify banning the use of BPA from plastics, yet enough research has been conducted for many companies to move towards BPA-free plastics.

Which Brand Should I Choose?

Strolling through the bottle aisle at any given retailer, the options available to parents can seem endless and overwhelming. Luckily, research suggests that as long as the product you choose is BPA free, the brand you decide to purchase can be based on personal preference. Ultimately, deciding which bottle to buy is up to you and your baby.

A Few BPA-Free Brands

  • Avent
  • Born Free
  • Dr. Brown’s
  • MilkBank
  • Nurtria
  • Weil

Not Just for Babies

Removing BPA from the kitchen is especially important for infants. However, it’s also imperative for the healthy development of toddlers, school-aged kids, teenagers and even adults. Many companies that produce water bottles and food storage containers are moving to BPA-free plastics. As more research is conducted, more companies will create more products free of harmful chemicals. While it is difficult to remove BPA-containing plastics from the home entirely, steps can still be taken to reduce exposure. Every step taken towards a BPA-free lifestyle is a positive one!

Spread the Word

Please help me spread the word to moms by forwarding this post. We have already been telling families who come to Children’s Hospital Los Angeles for care about BPA in the home. Help me spread the word by sharing this post with others.