Babies born in december

Table of Contents

1 Explain why are there more births in the United States in late December than in early January Health risks are higher for babies delivered in January. The exuberance of Christmas causes many pregnant women to go into labor. People don’t like having babies at Christmas. Parents get a tax deduction if babies are born before the year end. 2 The price per bushel of carrots is $4 before a tax. With a $2 tax per bushel of carrots, buyers now pay $4.75 per pound. After the tax what is the price per bushel of carrots received by sellers? $2.75 $6.75 $2.00 $4.00 3. What determines whether buyers or sellers ultimately pay the majority of a tax? Whether the tax is a commodity tax Who the tax is originally imposed on The amount of the tax The relative elasticities of demand and supply 4. Teenage smokers usually have more elastic demand for cigarettes than adult smokers. Given this, we should expect a cigarette tax to teen smoking by than adult smoking. reduce; more increase; less increase; more reduce; les If Pittsburgh decided to tax cigarettes at $1/pack, what would happen to the price of a pack of cigarettes in Pittsburgh? Assume that the demand for cigarettes is inelastic relative to the supply of cigarettes. It would go up, but by much less than $1. It would go down by nearly $1. It would go up by nearly $1. It would go down, but by less than $1. 6. Below is the market for chocolate (in pounds). A $4 per pound tax is imposed on chocolate. How much revenue does the government collect? 25 35 45 $100. 6 25 35 45 $100. $210 $50 $75 Below is the market for chocolate (in pounds). A $4 per pound tax is imposed on chocolate. What is consumer surplus before the $4 per pound tax? What is consumer surplus after the $4 per pound tax? 25 35 45 a, c abc; a ab; c f; bd 8. Below is the market for chocolate (in pounds). A $4 per pound tax is imposed on chocolate. What is the deadweight loss with the $4/pound tax? 4 25 35 45 $10 $40 $20 $35 How many of the following are true? -Taxes and subsidies are similar because I) They both create deadweight loss Il) The burden of a tax and the benefit of a subsidy depend on the relative supply and demand elasticities. IlI) The equilibrium level of output changes as a result of either. 1 & IlI only only I & Il only I, II, & II 〉 10. Farmers choose to grow water intensive crops like Cotton in desert land in California. Why? Cotton growers in California don’t pay payroll taxes. Cotton growers in California are mostly operated as nonprofit enterprises. The water used to grow California cotton is highly subsidized by the government. The water used to grow California cotton is high in mineral content, making for a bigger cotton yield 7:42 1:33 Exit This is the market for balls of Italian Buffalo Mozzarella. The Italian government gives cheese-makers a subsidy of $4 per ball of Buffalo Mozzarella. After the subsidy, buyers pay how much? Sellers receive how much? Price $10 Subsidy wedge 0 12 345678 9 10 11 12 Quantity $3; $7 $7, $3 $9; $7 $5; $9 12. Which side of the market bears more of the tax burden? Relatively more inelastic Relatively more elastic 13. T/F: Who bears the tax (buyers or sellers) is determined by who the tax is imposed on. True False

Does it ever seem like you’re invited to an awful lot of summer birthday gatherings? For good reason. In the United States, most births occur between June and early November. Count back nine months, and you’ll see that places most conceptions in the fall and winter.

What’s going on? Is the crisp autumn air, or the joy (or anxiety) of the holiday season, triggering more unprotected sexual intercourse? Or is it something else entirely?

It turns out reproduction is seasonal across all living organisms, from plants, to insects, to reptiles, to birds and mammals – including human beings. The ultimate explanation for this phenomenon is an evolutionary one.

Earth’s environment is seasonal. Above or below the equator, the year is structured by the winter, spring, summer and fall. In equatorial regions, the wet and dry seasons punctuate the year. Organisms have evolved strategies to reproduce at the time of year that will maximize their lifetime reproductive success.

Humans are no exception and maintain this evolutionary outcome: birth seasonality. Researchers, including us, have recently been working to understand more about why births are seasonal because these patterns can have a big impact on childhood disease outbreaks.

Tracking birth peaks across the globe

The first studies demonstrating human birth seasonality date back to the early 1800s.

In some countries, local customs can explain birth seasonality. For example, in the 1990s, researchers showed that the traditional July-August wedding season in Catholic communities in Poland resulted in lots of births in the spring. But wedding season does not drive birth seasonality everywhere, and there is only a small correlation between weddings and births 9 to 15 months later in most locations. Thus, nuptial beds are not the full story.

There is a clear pattern of births across latitude. Here in the U.S., states in the North have a birth peak in early summer (June-July), while states in the South experience a birth peak a few months later (October-November).

Globally, popular birthdays follow a similar pattern with peaks occurring earlier in the year the further north you get from the equator – for instance, Finland’s is in late April, while Jamaica’s is in November. And in the U.S., states further south, like Texas and Florida, experience birth peaks that are not only later in the year, but also more pronounced than those seen in the North.

So what influences conception?

Research shows that the seasonality of births correlates with changes in local temperature and day length. And regions with extreme temperatures typically have two peaks in births every year. For example, data from the early 1900s showed two pronounced birth peaks per year in West Greenland and Eastern Europe.

Rural populations tend to have a more dramatic seasonal birth pulse than urban populations, probably because country dwellers may be more subject to environmental conditions, including changes in temperature and day length. Environmental factors like these could influence human sexual behavior.

Additionally, as in other animals, these environmental changes could drive seasonal changes in fertility. This means that, rather than just an increase in frequency of sexual intercourse, female and/or male fertility may change throughout the year, as an endogenous biological phenomenon, making people more likely to conceive at certain times – with the prerequisite of sexual intercourse, of course.

Biologists know that the fertility of non-human mammals is influenced by day length, which may act like a reproductive calendar. For example, deer use the shortening days of autumn as a signal for timing reproduction. Females get pregnant in the fall and carry their pregnancy through winter. The goal is to give birth at a time when plenty of resources are available for newborns – being born in springtime is evolutionarily beneficial.

Evolution ensures that babies come when resources are abundant, to give newborns the best chance at survival. (Mary Terriberry / .com)

So animals with long pregnancies tend to be short-day breeders, meaning they only breed in the short days of autumn and winter; they’re pregnant through the winter and give birth in spring. Whereas animals with short gestation periods are long-day breeders; they conceive in the long days of spring or summer and, because their pregnancy is short, have their young that same spring or summer. Many species only mate and are only capable of getting pregnant during a specific time of year – those long or short days, for instance – and the length of day itself directs their hormones and ability to conceive.

Humans may not be so different from other mammals. Day-length has the potential to influence human fertility and it does seem to explain the patterns of birth seasonality in some places, but not others. In addition to the length of day, researchers have shown that social status and changes in the standard of living also affect birth seasonality. There seems to be no single driver for birth seasonality in people, with an array of social, environmental and cultural factors all playing a role.

What does birth season have to do with disease?

Forest fires require fuel to burn. After a big fire, kindling must be replenished before another fire can spread.

Disease epidemics are no different. Childhood infectious diseases require susceptible children for a pathogen to spread through a population. Once children are infected and recover from diseases like polio, measles and chickenpox, they are immune for life. So for new epidemics to take off, there must be a new group of susceptible infants and children in the population. In the absence of vaccination, the birth rate in a population is a major determinant of how often childhood disease epidemics can occur.

Babies are born with maternal immunity: antibodies from mom that help guard against infectious diseases like measles, rubella and chickenpox. This immunity is usually effective for the first 3 to 6 months of life. Many infectious diseases that strike infants in the U.S. tend to peak in the winter and spring months. That leaves infants born in the U.S. birth season of summer and autumn becoming susceptible as their maternal immunity wears off three to six months later, just when many infectious diseases are striking in winter and spring.

In humans, the average birth rate is extremely important for understanding disease dynamics, with changes in birth rate influencing whether an epidemic will occur every year, or every few years, and how big an epidemic can be. For instance, polio epidemics in the first half of the 20th century resulted in many thousands of children paralyzed by polio each summer in the U.S. The size of polio outbreaks was dictated by the birth rate. Because of this, polio outbreaks became more extreme after the World War II baby boom, when the birth rate increased.

During the polio epidemic of summer 1955, a hospital in Boston helps patients breathe with iron lungs. (AP Photo)

Similarly, the timing and strength of birth peaks also affects the length of time between epidemics. Importantly, regardless of how often an epidemic occurs – like births – it is always seasonal. And births have been shown to directly alter the seasonal timing of viral outbreaks in children.

Does the number of children born in summer drive seasonally occurring childhood diseases? Does disrupting patterns in births alter seasonal outbreak patterns? We know that the change in the average birth rate can modify the size of childhood disease epidemics, as was seen for polio during the baby boom. Theoretical models suggest changes in birth seasonality can alter the size and frequency of childhood disease outbreaks. But it remains an open question if the changes in birth seasonality that have been occurring over the past 50-plus years have in fact altered childhood diseases; more research is needed in this area.

Losing our seasonal connection

There is one thing all researchers in this field agree on: People are starting to lose birth seasonality throughout the Northern Hemisphere. (Due to a lack of data, it is currently unknown what is happening in countries south of the equator, such as those in Latin America and Africa.)

There are two pieces of evidence to support this. First, the strength of the birth pulse – from June to November in the U.S. – has been decreasing for decades; and second, locations that had two birth peaks per year now only have one.

This loss of birth seasonality may be partially due to social factors, such as pregnancy planning and the increasing disconnect humans have with the natural environment and, therefore, the seasons. The root of this change is likely tied to industrialization and its downstream societal effects, including indoor work, fewer seasonal jobs, access to family planning, and modern housing and artificial light that obscures the natural day length that could influence fertility.

Whatever the cause of birth seasonality, one thing remains clear, at least here in the U.S. – right now remains the prime time for conception.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.

Micaela Martinez, Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University Medical Center

Kevin M. Bakker, Research Fellow in Statistics, University of Michigan

Do humans have mating seasons? This heat map reveals the surprising link between birthdays and seasons

Animals are by nature seasonal creatures: Deer mate during the fall, so their fawns are born just in time for the spring season when food becomes more abundant. Polar bears look for mates during late spring and early summer and give birth to cubs between December and January.

But what about humans? Are we the only animals that don’t have a true mating season? After all, humans have sex throughout the year, without worrying whether their babies will have enough food to survive the winter.

It appears we do—kind of.

This heat map created by Visme, based on the latest UN data on live births, reveals a surprising link not only between peak birth months and seasons, but also between peak birth months and latitude (which is the distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees):

Do you notice a consistent pattern across high-latitude countries in the Northern hemisphere? The months with the greatest average number of births per day are July, August and September.

As you move down the list of countries, ordered from highest to lowest latitude, you can clearly observe that the peak birth months shift farther and farther to the right, occurring later in the year.

Once you’ve entered the middle latitudes, or the tropical zone, September and October become the highest-ranking months by average number of live births per day, followed by November and December, with some spilling over into the next year.

At the bottom of the list are the countries in the Southern hemisphere, which register the highest average number of births per day occurring between March and May.

When this data is translated into dates of conception, using a 40-week gestation period, we also see that the peak time for baby making is October in high-latitude countries such as Russia, Norway, Finland and Denmark, as seen in the graphic below made with Visme.

According to this same data, December is another peak conception month in a large percentage of countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Mexico and Japan.

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What do these trends mean?

While it is easy to attribute this to the long-held assumption that colder temperatures lead us to find warmth in physical intimacy, possible scientific explanations are a bit more complex.

According to a study published in The Journal of Reproductive Rhythms, the ideal time of the year to conceive is when the sun is out for 12 hours and the temperature is between 50 and 70 ° F. For reasons that are not totally understood, these are the perfect conditions for conception, either because they stimulate sperm production or ovulation–or a combination of both.

The findings of other studies have also been consistent with the insights gleaned from this heat map. For example, a comprehensive analysis of human birth seasonality published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B concluded that peak birth months occur later in the year the farther south you travel, as clearly seen in the graph below.

Boer Deng, in her article for Slate, also did the math and concluded that countries in northern latitudes were conceiving babies more often during the fall, while those farther south were doing so during the winter, which is also somewhat consistent with our findings.

Other studies such as this one on the seasonal variations in sexual activity concluded that there is in fact an “increase in sexual activity and unsafe sex occurring at or around the Christmas period.” Even an analysis of Google searches, as a proxy measure of sexual activity, indicates that queries related to sex and mating behaviors peaked during the winter and early summer.

All this seems to indicate that there is a confluence of factors, both environmental and biological, at work here and that, in the end, we may not be able to pinpoint one exact reason why these patterns exist.

What we can know for sure is that even though it appears humans may have a quasi-mating season, it is not really a true one as women are receptive to sex year-round and ovulate every 28 days, not annually. Unlike other animals, humans have concealed ovulation because they don’t show any outward sign of biological fertility, which is still a mystery to scientists.


To create the heat map above, we filtered the latest UN data on live births by month to obtain figures between 2000 and 2015 (which is the time period with the greatest amount of data for all countries listed).

In order to account for differences in the number of days in each calendar month, we then calculated the average number of live births per day in each month and ranked every month of the year relative to each other.

For example, for the United States, the average number of live births per day for each month was calculated. Each month was then ranked relative to each other in terms of the average number of live births per day, from highest to lowest. Since the month of September registered the greatest average number of births per day for this time period, it was assigned a ranking of 1; August exhibited the second highest total, and so received a ranking of 2; and so on.

The heat map was then created using a color scale corresponding to the rank value of each month, from 1 to 12. This way, the color-coded visualization would allow for easy comparisons across countries and hemispheres. Otherwise, the vast disparities between live birth numbers from one country to another would generate a color scale too broad in scope that would not allow for quick visual comparisons by viewers.

Your Turn

What are your thoughts on these conception and birth trends? Do you think other external factors besides climate and season are involved? Let me know in the comments section below!

1. They are good at friendship

Once they do friendship it means for forever. They will do anything in order to keep their friends happy. So, if you are looking for someone who can be your best buddies for the entire life than go find December born folks as they make literally a good friend.

2. They are known for Sharing

December born people have a strong belief in Karma and that’s why they usually believe in sharing everything with the people. They believe that sharing with others means receiving something great later in life. People often have a misconception about them for being the wealthiest person because when they share something they give their everything.

3. They are well disciplined people

People born in December, they don’t want to go overboard so they always make sure to put restrictions and maintain self restraint in their life. So, if you are searching someone who have good manners and well disciplined than you must find these folks.

4. Thoughtful as lovers

As a lover people born in December will never let down their beloved. They are usually in charge of their relationship and will always make sure to keep the flame burning in their relationship. As long as they are in charge of the relationship they will always make sure to keep the relationship for the long term. So, it wouldn’t wrong if you call them as a thoughtful lover.

Also Read : 10 Amazing Facts Of People Born In November

5. Truth Seekers

People born in December are often in search of truth and also this makes them adventurous. When they have set their mind on something where they need to find the truth than no one will dare to stop them. They will never believe in people sayings even if it has connections with the God and this makes them hungry to discover the truth by themselves. You have to make sure to be straightforward with these folks and don’t even think of cheating on them even in your dreams as they know how to find the truth and will never stop until they find it.

6. They love adventures

December born people are hungry for adventures and not scared to travel any part of the world. They love to explore new places and like to discover new adventures, experiences and gain knowledge from them. They gain knowledge from every adventure and this makes them the highly knowledgeable people.

7. Highly Organised

They like to make everything look good and will always make sure to bring peace and chastity to the things that they are in touch with. They will achieve high in the matter of organizing things and even don’t hesitate to speak with people and make everything organized according to their needs. They are the best at organizing and wherever they are they will always make sure that everything is well organized.

8. They are grounded to reality and very Practical

December born people traits number 8. They are very practical and reality loving people. They understand that life cannot run on dream world with fantasy. They bite the cruel truth of life and try to make sure that everything is in line and grounded to reality.

Also Read : 10 Amazing Facts Of People Born In October

9. They are Unselfish teacher

December born folks are selfless teachers. They love to share their wisdom and knowledge with everyone.They never put restrictions in their knowledge and can do anything in order to help people to attain knowledge.

10. Financially Oriented

People born in December don’t like to waste money unless it’s beneficial to them. They always make sure to invest their earnings in the valuable source. They give much importance to financial assets. They are hardworking and determined people and will always make sure to achieve a position where they can afford their cost of living.

So, if you are in touch with December born people then be ready to face their unselfishness, practicality and adventurous personality.

6 totally scientific reasons babies born in December rock

So you’re having your baby during one of the busiest months of the year?


You’re giving the BEST present to yourself.

It’s such a cozy month. And you’re snuggling up to the best cozy bunny in the whole world. You did good mom and dad. There are other reasons to love having a December baby.

Science says so.

Science and, you know, facts. Not other ridiculous stuff you’ll find on the internet like December-born babies are open-hearted fairy whisperers — which may or may not be true — but it’s really hard for the rest of us to find an apt Hallmark card or gift to get for you and your baby.

December baby anxieties

We know parents of December babies have concerns about your child’s birthday falling so close to Christmas and your little one getting the dreaded birthday/Christmas combo present. Or just as bad: wrapped in Christmas paper!

All we can say is that sucks and anyone who does that deserves a lump of coal in his/her stocking.

We also know that you fear hosting a December birthday party and that no one will come. But as a mother of three girls, I’ve come to December parties. I’ve also come to the parties that were held during winter break — yes, please — we NEED something to do! We’re there to celebrate the child, whether the party is held before his/her actual birthday, around that time, or a month later.

6 reasons your December baby is a real rock star!

1. They REALLy ARE special.

December babies are rare, particularly if they were born Dec. 24th or Dec. 25th, which are the rarest of all birthdays.

2. They are less irritable.

A study presented at the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology asked 366 university students about their temperaments. The findings were that those born in summer tended to be moody. But the winter-born, were steady. In particular, December-bornshowed fewer temper tantrums.

Maybe because they had all that practice feigning good manners with Christmas-wrapped birthday presents, hmmm?

3. They aren’t as likely to contract major diseases.

If this doesn’t give you bragging rights for your December born baby, I don’t know what will.

Researchers at the Columbia University Department of Medicine looked at records for 1.75 million patients born between 1900 and 2000 who were treated at the medical center.

They looked at 1,668 diseases and birth months and other factors, such as exercise and diet. Check out the handy chart that the Washington Post created that shows how December babies aren’t likely to contract most major diseases.

4. They are more likely to live to 100.

Every parent just wants to outlive their child. The chances are greater with a December-born baby.

Babies born the last month of the year are more likely to live the longest. The Journal of Aging Research said a German study found that December-born have a “significantly higher risk of surviving up to age 105-plus compared to the June-born.”

Boys born in December are more likely to be left-handed.

Psychologists at the University of Vienna found more boys born from October to February were left handed. The cause is still being researched. But the left-handedness is rare, again making this December baby special.

6. Younger kid, smarter kid

One anxiety among parents is that when a December-born child starts school, he or she would be the youngest in the class and that will hurt the child socially and academically. Studies say otherwise.

In fact, two economists found that more mature students didn’t have the edge in kindergarten or later in middle school. Other studies also showed that in time, it’s the younger “strivers” who have the edge in the long-term.

Read more in “The New Yorker.”

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Hey party people, it’s Dec and you know what which means. lots of present buying, a lot of non-denominational greetings of the season and if you happen to be one of the chosen few born in this month. It means a lot of people telling you what it’s like to be born during this month. As any Sagittarius can tell you, having a birthday in Dec is sort of the worst. And no, it isn’t because wah-wah, everyone forgot about me. It’s as a result of Dec babies must interact within the same conversation, over and over. And over. whether they welcome it or not.

Whenever a Dec baby answers the ever so innocuous inquiry, “When’s your birthday?” people can’t help but. 1) point out however close or not close your birthday may be to Jesus’s huge day. 2) estimate how happy you’ll or might not be with the gifts you receive. 3.) tell you about someone else’s birthday in December; and four.) try to make you feel okay a few birth date you already feel nice about.

10 Interesting Facts of People Born in December:

People Born in December

  1. They’re good Friends

    These people are actually the types that you will make a good friendship. They continually give value to their friends. They even do what it takes simply to keep up a good relationship to their friends. These are simply ten interesting facts that you just ought to know about December-born people. They’re a number of those people who are worth-treasuring ones.

  2. They’re Thoughtful Lovers

    People Born in December

    When they are in a very relationship, they never let their partners down. They’re the controllers of the relationship in a very way that they create sure that the fire among it’s constantly burning. They need to make their relationship worked out, no matter what it takes.

  3. Truth Seekers

    People Born in December

    Since they need this quality that they don’t stop till they discover one thing new, it’s traditional for them to be truth seekers. They never believe to what is being said, unless they realize it true through their own discovery.

  4. Adventurers

    People Born in December

    Going to any adventures can sure enough tickle their minds. They’re not afraid to jaunt any components of the world simply to own new experiences and learn a lot from it. This could be their edge among people. It will offer them such a lot knowledge.

  5. They’re identified to Be Sharing

    People Born in December

    One factor that they like to do is sharing what they need to people. It’s because they powerfully believe good fate. They act like a millionaire through sharing the things they need got. They believe that when they give one thing good to others, they’ll additionally receive one thing nice later on.

  6. Financially-Oriented

    Financial quality is incredibly important to them. They work in order to afford the very cost of their living. They set their minds that they must spend their hard earned money to something worth-spending. Hence, don’t be shocked if these people won’t waste their cash to something that’s not helpful or beneficial to them.

  7. Well-Disciplined

    People Born in December

    If you want to be with the most disciplined people, then you need to go with December-born people. They continuously place some limitations to themselves to whatever they do. And make sure that their time is all worth it to one thing they do.

  8. Extremely Organized

    Organizing issues up is one thing that these people like to do. they want harmony and purity in all things. They’re even over willing to speak to others simply to make everything organized as they want it to be.

  9. Unselfish teachers

    People Born in December

    These people are over willing to pay and visit another places like foreign lands simply to learn something. This learning of them can then be shared unselfishly to another people near their hearts. They’ll be nice teachers in physics, communications, law, and religion.

  10. Smart Learners

    People Born in December

    December-born people are familiar to be very good learners. They ne’er stop learning. They’re open for new knowledge to the extent that they even seek for it. They’re over willing to take all the chance simply to learn something new and worthwhile.

This is the brilliant news about having a baby in December

Due to give birth this month?

Well, we’ve got some good news: it turns out that, scientifically speaking, December is actually a pretty great month to have a baby.

Yes, having a due date around now will probably mean that future birthday parties are impacted by Christmas parties – and your little one may end up getting a lot of ‘joint’ presents of people over the years.

However, there are a lot of benefits to a December birthday, too.

December babies are more likely to be morning people

And go to sleep earlier, too.

A study of Italian and Spanish university students discovered that those who had December birthdays were more likely to be morning people than those who were born during the summer.

And as for bedtime? Different studies have found that children born around this time of the year tend fall asleep earlier, as well.

December babies are more likely to live longer

If Santa’s bringing you a little elf in time for Christmas this year, there’s some good news: people with December birthdays are more likely to live to the age of 100.

Or 105, to be more precise, according to a study in the Journal of Aging Research.

December babies are more likely to be natural athletes

According to a International Journal of Sports Medicine, people who are born in the autumn and winter months are more likely to be natural athletes.

Researchers reckon this is because of the higher levels of vitamin D exposure throughout pregnancy – so if your December-born little one ends up being super sporty, this could be the reason why.

December babies have some lovely star signs

This one is more for if you believe in astrology. But whether your little one is born between December 1 and 21, or December 22 to 31 could make a huge difference.

According to, those born before the 21 would fall under the Sagittarius sign, and be “extroverts who like to travel.” Meanwhile, those born between the 22 and 31 would be a Capricorn and “determined and helpful.”

December babies are less likely to contract heart disease

People born in December have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study in the United States.

The Washington Post report that investigators believe this may be due to “seasonal variations.

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6 Perks of Being a December Baby

Being born on the 12th and final month of the year has its perks! For as long as I can remember, I have always loved having a December birthday because I get to experience the job of celebrating Christmas and my birthday all in the same month (or in my case, the same day). Here are 6 perks of having a birthday during the so-called “most wonderful time of the year.”

1. Double the presents!

Oh, the joy of getting birthday AND Christmas presents!

2. Sparkly/glittery things

Sparkles. Sparkles everywhere.

3. 25 Days of Christmas

Every year, ABC Family (now called Free Form) hosts a programming block called “25 Days of Christmas” from December 1 to December 25. I like to think of this as nonstop Christmas joy all December long up until Christmas comes.

4. Lots of dessert choices

My Christmas/birthday celebrations usually consist of cakes, pies, cupcakes, ice cream, cookies, banana pudding, etc. With so many dessert choices, it can get really hard to choose which one I really want, so I usually choose at least two. Of course I have to exercise off all those calories a few days later, but it’s all worth it in the end!

5. Clearance sales

As a shopaholic, I love to make the most of the birthday money I receive to find sales at some of my favorite retail stores.

6. Christmas music!

Never gets old. Every year, I love tuning in to 101.9 LITE FM and 97.1 WASH FM to catch some Christmas carols.

Christmas and New Year’s are days of celebration in many parts of the world when people gather with family and friends. One thing many typically don’t celebrate on those days is a birthday.

That’s because Dec. 25 is the least popular day in the U.S., Australia and New Zealand to give birth. In England, Wales and Ireland, it’s the second-least popular, behind Dec. 26, when Brits celebrate Boxing Day.

So why do people have fewer babies on holidays like Christmas, Boxing Day and New Year’s – the second-least popular birthday in the U.S.?

I am personally interested in the question because my wife was a New Year’s Day baby. And as an economist, I find these data puzzles fascinating.

Least and most popular birthdays

All of the least-favored days in the U.S. are tied to holidays, whether it’s Christmas, New Year’s, Fourth of July or Thanksgiving.

Depending on the year and place, between 30% and 40% fewer babies are born on Dec. 25 than on the peak day of the year.

One reason why these days have so few births is almost no cesarean births are scheduled by doctors to happen on public holidays or weekends. About one in three American babies are born this way.

And even in the case of vaginal births, doctors can induce labor, which helps control when babies are born. Inductions also typically don’t happen when doctors want to be out of the office celebrating the holidays with family and friends.

One reason why births on Christmas and New Year’s plummet is that for many people time management and scheduling is paramount.

Interestingly, in England, Wales and New Zealand, relatively few babies are born on April 1. While that date is not a national holiday, mothers might avoid giving birth on April Fools’ Day for fear of their children being taunted or bullied.

As for the most popular birthdays, they tend to happen in the fall. In fact, the top 10 days to have a baby in the U.S. are all in September, while in England, Wales, Ireland and New Zealand they’re in that month or October.

Fall birthdays make sense since many babies are conceived during the colder winter months. Conception is tied to shorter days and lower outside temperatures.

Unrecorded births

Unfortunately, similar data for non-English-speaking countries are not widely available.

Research into when people were born is relatively new because for centuries no one needed or completed a birth certificate. In the U.S., birth certificates have been widely used only since the end of World War II.

While some countries require all births to be registered, one out of every four children born in the world today does not officially exist, since there is no record of his or her birth.

The United Nations has some world data, which show popular birth months tend to shift by latitude. Countries at high latitudes, like Norway or Russia, have peak birth days in July or August. Countries closer to the equator, like El Salvador, have peak birth days later in the year, like October.

As for my wife, she was born a few hours after her parents welcomed in another year. Her birth was a surprise to all the guests they invited over to celebrate the New Year. We joke that being born then is the best day, because there is always a party with fireworks for her birthday. It is also a great day because there are never any competing birthday parties.

So if you are born on a holiday like Christmas, New Year’s or even April Fools’ Day, take some comfort in knowing the relative rarity of your birth makes you even more special than you already are.

Merry birthday

Call them the shelved elves. The scrooged. The snowed under.

Whatever you call Christmas babies – those born on Christmas Day or a few days before or after – just call them. People born around December 25 routinely get overlooked amid the holiday chaos. Friends are out of town, greetings are belated and gifts are hauled out from way under the tree, wrapped in paper festooned with reindeer and candy canes. Birthday cakes arrive shaped like pine trees and wishes are bratty: “Merry Birthday!”

Ask any Christmas baby and they’ll tell you: Not only are they competing with the J-man, they also get steamrolled by the more modern deity of frenzied consumerism. Add to that the cookie bake-offs, office Secret Santas and holiday cocktail parties? Good luck being recognized for simply being born.

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“When I was a child I was quite offended that my parents had such bad planning and bad timing to have had me on the 26th. It’s really a recovery day for people,” says Louise Hager, a retired bookseller who will turn 70 this Boxing Day in Vancouver.

Spent, stuffed and hungover friends are one downside to a holiday birth date, as are friends disappearing to see family in far-off towns all over Canada. The Christmas-birthday double whammy also means it’s a quick shot, with no other gifting milestone to look forward to all year (for present-hoarding children, this is kind of a big deal). Those born around the holidays are also well acquainted with the dual-purpose gift, which allows givers to skimp by purchasing one present covering both occasions.

“You’d get one earring on Christmas and the other earring on your birthday,” says Lisa Dempsey, a Victoria financial adviser born on Dec 26. “Or I’d get the earrings on Christmas and the necklace on my birthday. So it obviously went together.”

While Dempsey, 46, gives her parents credit for celebrating her birthday, she remembers confusion when her gifts were wrapped in festive paper and stuck under the tree. “There was always, ‘Oh, sorry, this is for your birthday. We gotta put that back.’ You get kind of used to that.”

Christmas babies will often speak enviously of the kids who enjoy their birthdays in the summer, when the weather’s good, friends are in party mode, and pools and barbecues are an option. Many spoke of trying (and failing) to get their parents to give them summertime “half birthdays.”

Gina Jamal did them one better.

Born on Dec. 27, Jamal time-shifted her birthday when she was in her 20s and old enough to call the shots. She threw herself a birthday barbecue in June.

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“I wanted it to be warm, for once, and I wanted all of my friends to come,” says Jamal, a 37-year-old Toronto project manager.

“I loved it. It was hot – I was sweating. I wore a tiara and a tank top.”

People born around December 25 routinely get overlooked amid the holiday chaos.

Timothy Moore/The Globe and Mail

Today, Jamal doesn’t rely on friends to come out of the woodwork on Dec. 27, days after they’ve blown their budgets and are about to abuse their livers on New Year’s Eve. Tired of being “deserted,” she indulges in solo travel on her birthdays instead. One year, it was backpacking through Southeast Asia, another through Honduras. This year, it’s a more deluxe trip to New York.

“The best way to celebrate your birthday when it’s at that time of year is to not be available for it, because none of your friends are available,” Jamal reasons. “If you’re not available, it’s actually not so bad.”

Easy as it may be to empathize with the plight of those born in late December, the question must be asked: Are Christmas babies being babies? Where exactly does their grumbling land on the line between narcissistic and a basic need for acknowledgement?

Experts say there are both evolutionary and social drivers for children to want to be recognized by their parents for their unique qualities, or in this case, for their unique birthdays. This goes especially for Christmas babies with siblings whose birthdays fall outside December – that is, siblings who get properly celebrated.

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“We observe the world to see where we stand, and you learn how valued you are by comparing your treatment,” says Shawn Whiteman, an associate professor of human development and family studies at Purdue University who argues that children are keen observers of fairness.

“You don’t get combined gifts when your birthday’s in July,” says Whiteman, who suffered combined birthday and Christmas gifts as a child, even though his birthday falls on Dec. 4. “You have no control over this. Everybody else is getting gifts on your birthday. You may feel slighted.”

By their very nature, birthdays are a narcissistic holiday for everyone, notes Victoria Hilkevitch Bedford, professor emerita of psychological sciences at the University of Indianapolis, who has researched family caregiving and adult sibling relationships.

“It’s your big chance to be the centre of attention. It’s all about you,” Hilkevitch Bedford says, adding that for Christmas babies, “To see that you’re always getting the short end of the stick is not narcissism. It’s about fairness.”

For all the pain of being overlooked amid the tide of red and green, there are some perks to being born over the holidays. You get to see extended family, some of whom are kind enough to cart in two gifts. And you probably get the day off from work. And you get the sales.

“I’d take some Christmas or birthday money and I’d go shopping,” Dempsey says. “I could get three times more stuff for the same price and it was what I wanted.”

Another upside is the nudge to find novel ways of celebrating. Through her 30s and 40s, Vancouver’s Hager took the wheel with an open house, which she hosted in her pyjamas: “I would provide popcorn and mandarin oranges and movies. People would pop in bringing leftover turkey sandwiches. I celebrated all day. It was just delightful.”

Today, Hager does a birthday beach walk with friends and their children on the morning of Boxing Day.

They are uncommon rituals for uncommon birthdays. For Les Honywill, a 29-year-old born on Christmas Day, it’s been a pub night at the only pub open on Jesus’s (and Les’s) birthday in Burlington, Ont. (Fittingly, it’s called the Charles Dickens Pub, the Dickens for short.)

“We went in for my 20th birthday and celebrated there, just five of us, in an empty pub,” recalls Honywill, who is co-ordinator at the European University Centre at Peking University in Beijing.

“This became tradition and for the next few years more and more people would show up from my high school. Now, the place is packed every Christmas night in what’s become an annual reunion, with so many people being home from wherever they’ve moved to.”

The tradition lived on after Honywill moved to China four years ago. One year, when he couldn’t make it home, his friends sent him a Facebook video of the entire pub erupting in a rowdy rendition of “Happy Birthday.”

Being born at Christmas is a mixed bag, a realization Christmas babies come to as they get older. They also learn that lowered expectations are better than dreaming big and being annually disappointed.

“I’m really appreciative of anyone who comes out on my birthday,” says Lexi McKenna, who was born on Dec. 29, joking that whoever hauls themselves out between Christmas and New Year’s passes her “friendship test.”

The 25-year-old custom stationery studio owner in Toronto prefaces her birthday invites with an apology and an acknowledgment that with everyone tired, busy and broke, it’s “difficult timing.”

Honywill says he always felt awkward asking people to “pause this amazing celebration of family and friends to celebrate me.”

That said, the one small thing he always appreciated his parents doing was singing him Happy Birthday first thing in the morning, before launching into We Wish You a Merry Christmas. “That simple act has always meant quite a lot,” Honywill says.

For older holiday babies, there eventually comes the understanding that a Christmas birthday can actually be quite magical.

Leila Hale, 81, of Peterborough, Ont., was born at midnight on Dec. 25. At least that’s what her mother told her; the doctor wrote Dec. 26 on her birth certificate, to which Hale’s mother retorted that he was drunk.

“I always knew I was born on Christmas,” says Hale, whose mother didn’t have a cake, sticking a candle in English pudding instead.

The Christmas kids have spoken: Three tips for pals and parents of children born over the holidays

No red, no green

“When I was younger, I didn’t want anything Christmas-involved at my birthday parties,” Lexi McKenna stresses. That means no Xmas-themed cakes, hats or decor – and no classic Christmas colours.

Celebrate twice

Some people conveniently roll their friends’ birthdays in with the Christmas festivities. “Don’t do it,” Gina Jamal warns. “It’s never going to work out in your favour. I’m not going to like it. It’s not going to be ‘extra celebratory.’ I want someone to contact me on my birthday – not on Christmas or on New Year’s, wishing me a combined holiday of some sort.”

Also: Be a good sport if someone chooses to throw themselves a “half birthday” in the summertime. Treat it with all the same fanfare that you would the real thing. This is especially important to children. “By the time you get to be a teenager, maybe it doesn’t matter so much,” Hager says, “but certainly from my experience, from the time that children understand it’s their birthday,” it’s important to give it a distinct nod.

Time your pregnancy

Seriously. “If you’re planning on having children, do not try to conceive during March,” offers Jamal. “That would be my advice.”

Christmas babies: Bundles of joy for new parents on 25 December

Some parents are getting extra presents this Christmas. While it’s still too early to tally a total for the amount of babies born on Christmas Day, let’s welcome the early arrivals to the party.

Babies born on Christmas Day


Tambo Memorial Hospital, Boksburg

Six babies, all boys, were delivered at the Tambo Memorial Hospital in Boksburg on Christmas morning. Eyewitness News dropped by to greet the newcomers and talk to their moms.

In addition, Gauteng Health MEC Bandile Masuku was at the hospital on Christmas morning and told reporters that the staff had prepared for ten deliveries:

“We are still counting and now we are having six babies, but we have planned for more than 10. Hopefully, we will get the numbers and we will also release the figures from across the province around midday”.

Listen: MEC Masuku at Tambo Memorial Hospital

Gauteng Health MEC Bandile Masuku says
6 babies – all boys – have been delivered at Tambo Memorial Hospital since midnight
Full provincial statistics will be updated at midday

— EWN Reporter (@ewnreporter) December 25, 2019

Steve Biko Academic Hospital, Pretoria

Two bundles of joy – a boy named Izwi and a girl named Nthabeleng – were delivered at the Steve Biko Academic Hospital in Pretoria on Christmas morning.

SABC News reporters were on hand to talk to the new moms, who expressed jubliation that their young sprouts were born on Christmas day. One mother explained:

“I feel very special because on Christmas, we celebrate the birth of a king. So I believe that my child is destined for greatness. It felt so good, it’s overwhelming, I wasn’t expecting this. I’m happy I don’t know what to say and was expecting the baby on 9 January.”

Watch: Steve Biko Hospital welcomes newborn babies


Shongwe Hospital, Schoemansdal

Tumelo Machogo from SABC News also reported that, at the time of publishing, five babies were born at Shongwe hospital in Schoemansdal.

One mother was in labour for three days and added that she named her baby Prosper because she wants him to prosper in life. According to Mpumalanga Health MEC, 28 babies were born in the province.

“We are very happy and excited, you can hear the new babies crying, it’s a celebration as we celebrate Jesus every year. It’s a reminder to these mothers, fathers and the community in terms of saying that on this day, we received the best gift we could ever have.”

Watch: Babies born on Christmas in Mpumalanga


Malamulele Hospital

Mike Maringa from SABC reported that five newborn babies were delivered at the Malamulele Hospital in Limpopo.

According to Limpopo Health MEC Dr Phophi Ramathubaba, 62 babies were born in the province on Christmas day; 38 girls and 23 boys. She added, “More babies are still coming.” .

She said the youngest mother in the province was 19 years old. In 2018, the youngest mother was 14 years old.

Watch: Babies born on Christmas in Limpopo

Also read – Watch: 10 Christmas songs for your playlist

6 totally scientific reasons babies born in December rock

Sonja Haller USA TODAY Published 10:19 AM EST Dec 14, 2018 Sleepy baby on red blanket in knitted hat Getty Images/iStockphoto

So you’re having your baby during one of the busiest months of the year?


You’re giving yourself the BEST present.

December is such a cozy month to snuggle up with your baby. But there are more reasons to love having a December baby.

This list isn’t of the silly internet-isms like December babies are open-hearted fairy whisperers — which may or may not be true. This is scientific.

6 reasons your December baby is a real rock star:

1. They’re rare

December babies are rare, particularly if they were born Dec. 24 or Dec. 25, which are the rarest of all birthdays.

2. They are less irritable

A study presented at the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology asked 366 university students about their temperaments. The findings were that those born in summer tended to be moody. But the winter-born were steady. In particular, December-born showed fewer temper tantrums.

Maybe because they had all that practice feigning good manners with Christmas-wrapped birthday presents, hmmm?

3. They aren’t as likely to contract major diseases

If this doesn’t give you bragging rights for your December born baby, I don’t know what will.

Researchers at the Columbia University Department of Medicine looked at records for 1.75 million patients born between 1900 and 2000 who were treated at the medical center. They looked at 1,668 diseases and birth months and other factors, such as exercise and diet. Check out the handy chart from the Washington Post showing how December babies aren’t likely to contract most major diseases.

4. They are more likely to live to 100

Every parent just wants to outlive their child. The chances are greater with a December-born baby.

Babies born the last month of the year are more likely to live the longest. The Journal of Aging Research said a German study found that the December-born have a “significantly higher risk of surviving up to age 105-plus compared to the June-born.”

5. Boys are more likely to left-handed

Psychologists at the University of Vienna found boys born from October to February were more likely to be left-handed than those born in other months. The cause is still being researched. But left-handedness is rare, again making December babies special.

6. It’s OK that they’re among the youngest in their class

One anxiety among parents is that when a December-born child starts school, he or she would be the youngest in the class and that will hurt the child socially and academically. Studies say otherwise. Two economists found that more mature students didn’t have the edge in kindergarten or later in middle school. Other studies also showed that in time, it’s the younger “strivers” who have the edge in the long run, as this New Yorker story details.

Let us ease your parental anxieties about December baby birthday parties

We know parents of December babies have concerns about their child’s birthday falling so close to the holiday season. They worry little ones will get the dreaded birthday/Christmas combo present. Or just as bad: a birthday present wrapped in Christmas paper.

All we can say is that sucks and anyone who wraps a birthday in Christmas paper deserves a lump of coal in his/her stocking.

We also know that you fear no one will come to a December birthday party. But as a mother of three girls, I’ve gone to December parties. I’ve also gone to the parties that were held during winter break. Yes, please — we NEED something to do! We’re there to celebrate the child, whether the party is held before his/her actual birthday, around that time, or a month later.

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Published 10:19 AM EST Dec 14, 2018